To regain the support from people, he needed to carry out the reforms in the October Manifesto. His improvements included different aspects, such as political, social and economic approaches. However these were expedients rather than real reforms. He also appointed Peter Stolypin as the prime minister to stabilize the country. Nicholas II had tried his best to regain people’s support and stop the revolution tide through the reforms after the 1905 Revolution.
Stalin’s country nicknamed themselves the “Soviet Union” and he got Roosevelt and Churchill to agree that he and the Soviet Union could declare war on Japan once Hitler and Germany were defeated. They also agreed that an organisation called the United Nations was to be set up, here all the powerful people from each country could discuss issues with each other and ask for help. Roosevelt and Stalin pushed away their previous arguments and seemed to become friends. However they met again in a city called Yalta, in Russia, and, upon discovering there closeness to the defeat of Germany, they decided more conditions and policies for when defeat had been reached. They
Kennan says that the Russian people are ruled by a tyrant and these ideas are not their views but the viewpoint the Communist Party. In other words, there can be a peaceful coexistence between Communist and a capitalist country if the country such as United States would consider a foreign policy that stressed coexistence, rather than aggression, once circumstances improved. In his essay Kennan suggested that the United States must contain the Soviet Union in order to prevent Socialism from expanding beyond it current borders. Containment Containment is described as the “basic idea of resisting the expansion of Soviet power by exercising the political, diplomatic, economic, moral, and military power of the US and its allies.” It is a post-war concept of George F. Kennan on how the United
For example Alexander II was a humanitarian but Nicholas II mainly wanted modernisation for Russia. Alexander III just wanted to retain his power and keep in control to avoid the same fate as his father. Similarly, the communist rulers were not uniform either as they had different core aims, for example Khruschev’s main aim was destalinisation whereas Stalin’s was to create his own legacy. The Provisional Government and Lenin were alike in their policies in the fact that they both completely changed the system. In the case of the Provisional Government they changed it from autocratic to democratic and Lenin changed it to a one party state; although the result was different the basis was the same.
The Social Democrats were split into two groups: the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. The Bolshevik’s was more radical and was led by Lenin. The Menshevik’s agreed to wait for the workers to gain power overtime. Lastly the Liberals believed that to develop Russia you had to work with the middle-class. The growth of the reformists groups led to the 1905 revolution as they all wanted change; they wanted the Tsar to agree with them.
A recurring theme throughout the period is the regime’s desire to maintain autocracy, which Lenin’s disregard for democracy in any area and opposition shows. This point is further emphasized by Alexander III’s belief that change was a risk and not necessary, as he argued by criticizing his father and also practically demonstrated by reducing the powers of the Zemstva. Repression was increased substantially to deal with opposition and apart from Nicholas II under whom it was briefly paused, this set the basis for Russian rule in the rest of the period. Despite Khrushchev’s easing of repression, the damage had been done under his predecessors Lenin and Stalin in removing any threat posed by opposition and ensuring that their rule remained untouched, in a further demonstration of their opposition to change.
Script: Simran: Nicholas the Second (NII) was the last Imperial Ruler of Russia he came at a point, when Russia desperately needed a great visionary to reform and industrialize her, while NII was known to be a poor leader who was not equipped with knowledge to handle a political reform. Born in 1868 to Alexander III, he was the heir to Russian throne which he attained 1894. Ewalina: It is important to note that NII was a poor leader but he was not a weak character. This means that he did have a vision for Russia, which was to maintain traditions of stardom, Nicholas was a firm believer in autocracy; he was virtually unmovable in this belief. -His stern faith in stardom stemmed from his upbringing, because he was brought up by Konstantin
Joseph Stalin truly strengthened this nation to become a widely known superpower, although he carried out mass genocide and created a murderous dictatorship. Historians have viewed him in many different ways, including a psychotic power-driven killer, a military and communist genius, and also the man who transformed the Soviet Union into an industrial colossus. Joseph Stalin should have never taken the role of the USSR’s leader. Instead, Trotsky should have been the one to take Lenin’s place, which would have saved the lives of millions. Joseph Stalin put forth many positive attributes to the USSR, however; the only reason this was possible was through his brutal intimidation tactics used on the nation’s
position on communism. I was a believer that the Cold War was a stalemate between the two superpowers Russia and the U.S. in nuclear arms. The book is well written and help fills some gap in my American history. The book explains how the conflict between U.S. and Russia affected other nations. The strength of the book is how it goes in details about communism showing how it influenced America’s decision in the past, present, and the future.
Containment was not new in 1964 and 1965. It originates in the year following World War II. George Kenna’s famous 8,000-world telegram form Moscow to the U.S in February 1946 laid the foundation and had profound implications of U.S strategic thinking. The telegram was extremely well received in Washington because it offered an explanation and rationale for the uncooperative behavior of the Soviet Union (a world war II ally) in Europe. It also provided the guiding principles that United States leaders south as guidance for their actions toward the soviet containment.