But Native Australian wife-beating was second to none of them. Whacking your pregnant wife repeatedly in the head with a stout wooden club is in no way excused by the fact that you both belong to a “traditional culture”. A central message in the book is that although things thereafter quickly did became pretty bleak for the Native Australians, the first five years of the Sydney colony under Arthur Phillip‘s governorship cannot be seen as an oppressive or murderous regime. The colony was struggling, but Phillips put a lot of scarce resources into an sustained attempt at peaceful coexistence with the
The Problem James A. Field Jr. suggests that the “worst chapter” in American history texts deals with the end of the 19th century, largely because he believes the personalities and events from the 1860s to the early 1890s did not constitute “a preseason warm-up for imperialism and the projection of national power” by the United States. [Field, p. 660] However, Walter LaFeber in The New Empire argues precisely the opposite: that key American personalities and events did constitute a considered, even well-integrated, plan for the projection of U.S. national power into the Caribbean, the South Atlantic, and even into the Pacific and Asia in the 1870s, 1880s, and 1890s. Question: Which historian, Field or LaFeber, gets it right, and
As yet, the Australian constitution contains no Bill of Rights. This clear absence of the bill of rights means that the average layperson concerned about their rights as an Australian citizen has to go rooting around hundreds of legislation to find out all their rights. This is time consuming and sometimes expensive and this could be stopped simply with the introduction of the Bill of Rights. Some of the basic rights of the accused are the rights to a fair trial, the right to legal representation, the right to represent themselves and the right to silence. Yet even these most basic right are being broken by
Europeans in the Pacific Australia and the Larger World -European geographers had speculated about terra australis inncognita “unknown southern land” since the second century C.E. -European principal interest was trade and they rarely sailed out of their way in search of unknown land. Dutch Exploration -Dutch mariner Jan Carstenzs reported that Australia was n arid and barren region that contained nothing that man could make use of (no mountains, metals, woods, plants). --Europeans visitors did not linger long enough to become familiar with native Australian peoples because they were nomadic foragers and were considered savages. British Colonists -Cook reported that the Australian region was suitable for settlement after visiting Botany
In 1816 New York built its second prison or as they referred to it as a reformatory. This prison was named “Auburn,” and its purpose was to use sever discipline and hard work, to rehabilitate inmates. Through sever discipline and hard work in a harsh environment, it was thought to have given inmates, a reason to repent and seek salvation and change their life of crime, to the ways that fit into society. Now there are two types of prisons: 1. Views punishment as never having a chance for parole or seeing the light of day on the outside.
This paper analyzed the argument presented by Henry David Thoreau in “Civil Disobedience” written in 1846. The purpose of this work was that he contrasted conscience and law. He wrote that if the law violated your conscience, then you should break the law. For example, he refused to pay a poll tax to the federal government because they supported slavery and so he ended up in jail for it. He wrote that the only place for a just man in an unjust society is in jail.
Orwell begins to show his inner conflict by stating how he feels about being a European imperial policeman. Orwell is an unhappy young policeman who lives in mental isolation. He hates British imperialism, he hates Burmese natives, and he hates his job. He is completely alone with his thoughts since he cannot share his idea that "imperialism was an evil thing"(pg.10) with his countrymen. Orwell sees the British rule as "an unbreakable tyranny, as something clamped down.
Martin Luther King Jr. states “Oppressed People cannot remain oppressed forever.” (Cahn, 2009 p. 387) As we have seen throughout history, this is a true statement. Oppression is not something that sits well with any type of person that is under the oppression. To resist the oppression, one must carefully chose those laws that they fill are unjust and oppresses them, and once they are chosen then one can make a stand against the oppression. Oppression is unjust law that limits the power of the people that are oppressed into feeling powerless. The United States fought of the oppression over the colonies in the late 1700’s by first peacefully protesting the unjust taxes waged against them.
Historians refer to convict slavery, which is the act of having people who are serving a prison sentence working as slaves. In this context, it means that historians referred to convicts from England coming to Australia to work as slaves. People would say that this is an accurate description of the convicts transported to Australia because they were treated like slaves and how they lived. However, this statement is arguable because they were cleared of their sentence, and were then free. They then had a chance at a new life or to return to England.
It is of key importance yet before this year, there was no statutory definition of "consent" in New South Wales. Indeed, New South Wales is the only State without a statutory definition of "consent". The previous approach to consent was widely criticised on the basis that it allows an accused with an honest but unreasonable belief in consent to escape conviction. NSW now joins NT, WA, Queensland and Tasmania in an objective approach to consent which is defined simply as “free and voluntary agreement to sexual intercourse”. The Crimes Amendment (Consent—Sexual Assault Offences) Bill 2007 (NSW) labelled the “no means no” Bill changes the law of consent in sexual assault cases.