John Locke Philosophy Paper

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John Locke: One of England’s Most Important Empiricists Have you ever read the Declaration of Independence and wondered just who thought up the idea of our unalienable rights of life and liberty came from? Or have you’ve ever taken a philosophy class and wondered what empiricism is or even wondered if there was a difference between your mind and your body? If you have done any of these then you have just stumbled upon some of the great ideas of the philosopher John Locke and should make a point to look up just what impact he’s made to these ideas and the world. John Locke contributed to philosophy through his theories of politics, empiricism, and self-concept. To understand how John Locke’s theories came about we must first understand the things that influenced him such as the environment he grew up in. Locke was born in 1632 in Wrington, England. During that time there was political distress resulting from King Charles I rule. King Charles I placed taxes on ships and did many other things without the consent of Parliament. In 1642, just before Locke’s tenth birthday, England broke out into civil war over the division of power between Parliament and the king. One of Locke’s father’s friends was Alexander Popham, a judge who had taken an active role against collecting taxes ordered by King Charles I so politics were often spoken of in his household. It is easy to see here where Locke’s view on the social contract came from. The social contract in Locke’s idea of it basically said that governmental legitimacy came from the consent of the governed. He believed that everyone had a right "to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons, as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature." The law of nature being reason which Locke perceived taught that "no one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, and or property" and that disobedience

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