He named the supposed single land mass on Earth “Pangaea”, meaning All-earth. “Scientists still do not appear to understand sufficiently that all earth sciences must contribute evidence toward unveiling the state of our planet in earlier times, and that the truth of the matter can only be reached by combing all this evidence (Wegener, 1915)”. Continental drift was a theory that became the precursor to plate tectonics. Wegener held a Ph.D. in astronomy; he worked as a professor of meteorology. He had always been interested in geophysics, developing fields of meteorology, and climatology.
the beginning when did we start studying chemistry? the first study of chemistry goes back to the days of alchemy. Alchemy is an ancient and philosophical study of chemistry, the subject ranged from ancient Egypt to Islamic empires. Alchemists were the first researchers to discover elements, however today their work has been put down as wrong and meaningless. It is an ingrained in our minds that alchemists believed that lead could be turned into gold and that earth was composed of only four elements, air, water, earth and fire.
At the time, discovery was looked at with skepticism as people had become accustomed to the bible being the only source of information about the world. For example, Newton’s discovery of the laws of gravity demonstrated that there were natural, unchangeable and yet predictable laws that governed the universe (Newton 2). In turn, Enlightenment thinkers believed that if natural laws did exist, and humans could discover these laws, then they could design the ideal society to live in. Rousseau is a great example of a philosopher who looked at the social issues that were brought about by the new mindset of the Scientific Revolution. He was obsessed with making social reforms as people had begun to view themselves differently since they were no longer deigned to be the center of the universe.
Institute in 1863. He became professor of general chemistry at the University of Saint Petersburg in 1866. Mendeleev was a renowned teacher, and, because no good textbook in chemistry was available, he wrote the two-volume Principles of Chemistry which became a classic. During the writing of his book, Mendeleev tried to organize the elements according to their chemical properties and atomic mass. In 1869 he published his first of what became known as the periodic table, a table created to arrange the elements by their atomic number.
In 1650, Pascal suddenly decided to avidly study religion, but returned to his previous lifestyle three years later, conducting experiments on the pressure exerted by gases and liquids, inventing the arithmetical triangle, and created the calculus of probabilities together with Fermat. In 1654, Pascal abandoned the world after an accident and moved to Port Royal, where he lived until his death in 1662. 2. Who discovered Pascal’s Triangle? Pascal’s Triangle has been seen as early as 1261 in Chinese texts, attributing the triangle to a man that lived in the eleventh century named Jia Xian. 3.
Lyell convinced many in the scientific community that geology was better explained by natural processes that occurred over eons rather than all at once by the hand of god. The logical way of Lyell's writing style (he was also a lawyer) easily transmitted his ideas to Darwin during his long voyage in 1837. Lyell's deistic view of geology had influenced Darwin so much that he wrote to his friend, Leonard Horner, ¨... I cannot say how forcibly impressed I am with the infinite superiority of the Lyellian school of geology over the continental. I always feel as if my book came half out of Lyell's brains and that I never acknowledge this sufficiently, nor do I know how I can, with out saying so in so many words- for I have always thought that the great merit of the Principles, was that it altered the whole tone of one's mind and therefore that when seeing a thing never seen by Lyell, one yet saw it partially through his eyes.¨ (Browne 602) Darwin's trip on the Beagle lasted over five years while doing coastal surveys and keeping journals, having ample time to reflect on his findings and come up with his theories.
Article Review: The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century Introduction Dr. Terry Mortenson published “The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century” on August 5, 2003. In this article he described how scientist formed opinions of the age of the earth and how it was formed prior to the 19th century. Furthermore he discussed how geology was debated between believers and non-believers. Overview Popular scientist of the times developed a theory of the earth’s age and formation without acknowledging God existed and therefore was not a part of creation. Scientist developed many of their own personal opinions about creation.
EINSTEIN'S INVENTIONS CHANGED SOCIETY. DISCUSS This essay is going to give a brief history of Albert Einstein, State his inventions and also state how they have changed the society. Who is Albert Einstein? Albert Einstein was born on the 14th of March 1879 at Ulm in Wurtemberg, Germany and died on the 18th of April 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey in the United States of America at the age of 76. Einstein was a physicist, He resided at many countries namely: Germany, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, Hungary, and The United States of America.
The theory of Black Holes and its process is one of the most unique studies of the universe, in that with each discovery made, we un-lock closed doors to knowledge of how the universe was made. In 1798 a French Mathematician Pierre Simon de Laplace came up with the first theory of a Black Hole. He agreed with Newton, that when enough mass is added to a star like the sun, the gravitational pull would become so great that the escape velocity would equal the speed of light. Therefore, the star would blink out and become an invisible star. More than a century later, Einstein, came up with the theory of relativity.
Joseph-Louis Proust was a French Chemist, born September 26th, 1754 and died July 5th, 1826 (1). He was made famous for his contribution in the creation of Proust’s Law—also known as Law of Definite Proportions—which determined, “relative quantities of any given pure chemical compound’s constituent elements remain invariant, regardless of the compound’s source” (1). Proust believed, “chemical compounds are composed of a fixed ratio of their constituent elements irrespective of the methods of production” (2). At the time of his publication (1794), this was not a widely accepted notion. Claude-Louis Berthollet was Proust’s major opponent, which stirred a famous debate.