As we see in this segment of Document 6 “Reason is in the estimation of the philosopher what grace is to the Christian. Grace determines the Christian's action; reason the philosopher's.” the philosophers of the Enlightenment strove to explain everything by means of logic and reason which was a mindset that was pioneered during the Scientific Revolution. Essentially, Enlightenment thinkers took the rational mindset from scientific discoveries of the Scientific Revolution and began to apply it to society. Isaac Newton's discoveries established the principles of the Enlightenment. At the time, discovery was looked at with skepticism as people had become accustomed to the bible being the only source of information about the world.
He named the supposed single land mass on Earth “Pangaea”, meaning All-earth. “Scientists still do not appear to understand sufficiently that all earth sciences must contribute evidence toward unveiling the state of our planet in earlier times, and that the truth of the matter can only be reached by combing all this evidence (Wegener, 1915)”. Continental drift was a theory that became the precursor to plate tectonics. Wegener held a Ph.D. in astronomy; he worked as a professor of meteorology. He had always been interested in geophysics, developing fields of meteorology, and climatology.
Aristotle was correct about his first argument, but his second one was challenged by a scientist by the name of Ptolemy. Ptolemy elaborated onto Aristotle’s idea of the earth being the in the “center” of the universe second century AD. Next, Hawking discusses the accomplishments of Nicholas Copernicus, a polish priest who contributed to science around 1514. Copernicus’ theory (Copernican theory), stated that the sun was stationary and at the center while the earth and other planets orbited the sun. Nearly a century passed until Copernican
In 1650, Pascal suddenly decided to avidly study religion, but returned to his previous lifestyle three years later, conducting experiments on the pressure exerted by gases and liquids, inventing the arithmetical triangle, and created the calculus of probabilities together with Fermat. In 1654, Pascal abandoned the world after an accident and moved to Port Royal, where he lived until his death in 1662. 2. Who discovered Pascal’s Triangle? Pascal’s Triangle has been seen as early as 1261 in Chinese texts, attributing the triangle to a man that lived in the eleventh century named Jia Xian. 3.
George Simon Ohm (1787-1854), a German physicist, in 1826 experimentally determined the most basic law relating voltage and current for a resistor. Ohm’s work was initially denied by critics. Born of humble beginnings in Erlangen, Bavaria, Ohm threw himself into electrical research. His efforts resulted in his famous law. He was awarded the Copley Medal in 1841 by the Royal Society of London.
And received a doctorate in 1766 and a dissertation on the influences of the planets on the human body. In the 1770’s Mesmer was interested in A Catholic priest Father Johann Gasser who used a metal crucifix during hypnosis to exorcise speeded people. Mesmer focussed not on possession but the element magnetism of fluids in the body and developed this theory to animal magnetisms as healing possibility. He then practice this with Franciscka Sterling in 1774 as his first patient then progressed from magnets to electrodes and the use of his hands. In 1777 Mesmer it seemed as though he had restored sight to a young lady musician blind since birth but this was never proved medically and he was then accused of using
Which is what the Catholic church also believed. The Scientific Revolution was the cause for discovery, exploration, and inventions of technology. Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish scholar, he questioned the Catholic church and did not accept the Ptolemaic view that the Earth was the center of the universe. He was convinced that a different explanation of the solar system existed. In 1543, he published ‘’On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres’.
In other words, “It’s better to do evil than to be evil.” Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a German theologian important for his support of and his view of Christianity's role in a changing modern world. He was involved in a plot to overthrow the Furfur, Adolf Hitler. This led to him being put in prison and then executed. His “Letters and Papers from Prison,” published after his death in 1951, is perhaps the most philosophical document of his convictions. Bonhoeffer grew up in the University of Berlin, where his father, Karl Bonhoeffer, was a professor.
Pascal died in Paris on August 19, 1662 Inventor, mathematician, physicist and theological writer Blaise Pascal, born on June 19, 1623 in Clermont-Ferrand, France, was the third child and only son to Etienne and Antoinette Pascal. His mother, Antoinette, passed away when he was just a toddler. He was exceptionally close to his two older sisters, Gilberte and Jacqueline. His father, Etienne, was a tax collector and a talented mathematician. Etienne moved the family to Paris in 1631.
Institute in 1863. He became professor of general chemistry at the University of Saint Petersburg in 1866. Mendeleev was a renowned teacher, and, because no good textbook in chemistry was available, he wrote the two-volume Principles of Chemistry which became a classic. During the writing of his book, Mendeleev tried to organize the elements according to their chemical properties and atomic mass. In 1869 he published his first of what became known as the periodic table, a table created to arrange the elements by their atomic number.