Job Satisfaction Essay

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What is job satisfaction? How does it affect a company? Simply put, job satisfaction is the feelings that people have about their jobs. Multiple theories or models can be used to explain job satisfaction. In this essay, I will be presenting on three theories, the Dispositional Theory, Equity Theory and the Job Characteristics Model to explain job satisfaction, and the Job Characteristics Model to provide methods to enhance job satisfaction. What is the Dispositional Theory? The theory “suggests that people have innate dispositions that cause them to have tendencies toward a certain level of satisfaction, regardless of one’s job.” (1) Timothy A. Judge proposed the Core Self-evaluations Model which narrowed down the theory. He states that there are four main evaluations regarding oneself that governs a person’s disposition towards his job and job satisfaction, the locus of control, neuroticism, generalized self-efficacy and self-esteem. The locus of control refers to an individual’s ability to attribute events that occur due to forces beyond one’s control or due to their own doing. Neuroticism refers to an enduring tendency to experience unpleasant emotions. Generalized self-efficacy refers to how someone would estimate his ability to perform well and how he would handle a variety of situations. Self-esteem, simply put, would reflect a person’s overall assessment of his own worth. Using the Core Self-evaluations Model, those who had positive appraisals of themselves are more likely to be satisfied with their jobs. This shows that these “innate dispositions” affect a person’s perception of job satisfaction, and that job satisfaction is based solely on the individual. The Equity Theory talks about how people measure fairness in regard to social relationships between two different people, simply put, “Person and Other”. The “Person” is “anyone who experiences inequity,

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