Barrett Moebes March 2, 2015 English Mr. Hill Joan Of Arc In the 1400’s France was in the mist of the Hundred Year War. Many battles were fought between France and the English. One girl would change the course of the war forever. Joan of Arc was born to a peasant family in 1412, Dormremy, France. As a kid it was said that she heard voices.
Somerset and Dudley led their armies on Berwick, and with the aid of a number of foreign mercenaries marched up into the lowlands to defeat the Scots in the Battle of Pinkie (September 1547). But then Somerset did nothing for months, allowing the Scottish to secure French support, and this they did. In June 1548, over 6,000 French troops landed in Scotland. They captured English forts, and secured the safe passage of the princess Mary to France for her impending
This invasion began a long conflict between England and France that came to be called the Hundred Years’ War. At first the English armies did well, winning most of the battles. After nearly 100 years of fighting, however, a teenage peasant girl, Joan of Arc, rallied the French troops. Although the English eventually captured and killed Joan, it was too late. The French drove the English from their country in 1453.
She feared that the French planned to invade England and put Mary, Queen of Scots, who was in effect the heir to the English crown, on the throne. Elizabeth offended Mary by proposing her own former suitor, Robert Dudley, as a husband. Instead, in 1565 Mary married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and gave birth to a son, James. In 1567, her husband died in a suspicious accident and Mary quickly married the Scottish Earl of Bothwell an action that outraged the Scottish nobility who promptly imprisoned Mary and forced her to abdicate her throne to her one-year-old son, James. The following year Mary escaped from her prison but was forced to flee across the border with England after the defeat of her supporters at the Battle of Langside.
Another reason feudalism lost power was the mercenaries that fought for the English king. After the first of the many treaties during the war was signed in 1360 by France, the English king did not want to release his unruly soldiers on his own land. Instead, they were loosed on France where they were free to loot and pillage as they pleased. Castles that belonged to lords took a beating as the mercenaries took them over and then sold them back to the lords for a large price. New weaponry made in the war made the king stronger against nobles.
England was only protestant for six years but catholic for centuries this showed people loved the way catholic life was and they wanted to carry it on. Mary additional took lady Jane greys position of queen Mary cold do this because many people believed that Jane stole the place of Mary and so they believed that Mary was the right queen therefore lady Jane grey was beheaded she was only queen for nine days. Mary could not make England catholiaic again because killing her enemies would make unpopular she was hated in the London area where many of the burning Mary would kill her enemies because they did not choose to turn catholic so she would kill her enemies if they stayed catholic. Mary was 37, unmarried and has no children this was because she said to her country that she was married. Protestants were prepared to die as martyrs, rather than became catholic this was because they believed to stay truthful Also Mary could not make England
She and a man named John Brown decided to ride into Virginia and attack the Federal Arsenal to frighten the Union into ending slavery. The plan failed and Brown was hanged, Mary barely escaped with her life. In 1860 she returned to San Francisco, however, after the Emancipation Proclamation and the California Right-of-Testimony of 1863 allowed her to do so safely, she openly declared her race and personally orchestrated court battles to test the right of testimony laws. Up until this point she, in front of the general public, always had on the guise of being a white person since she could pass it off so well. Her landmark achievement was in 1868 with her battle for the right to ride the San Francisco trolleys – it set precedent in the California Supreme Court.
He has not yet lost all hope in the court, but has altered his mind on the subject differently. When Reverend Hale absolutely lost hope is when Mr. Proctor was convicted through Abigail’s false acquisitions when Danworth called goody Proctor to the court room and asked her if her husband was guilty of adultery, and she stated no. Hale rapidly replies “Excellency, it is a natural lie to tell; I beg you, stop now; before another is
Susan B. Anthony also opposed abortion, which she saw as another instance of a "double standard" imposed upon women. In the nineteenth century, the decision to undergo an abortion was very often decided by men. There were none of the standard contraceptive options available to women today. Antibiotics had yet to be invented, and abortion was a life threatening and unsanitary procedure for the woman. Anthony wrote that "when a woman destroys the life of her unborn child, it is a sign that, by education or circumstances, she has been greatly wronged,” Susan B. Anthony encouraged women to register to vote and then vote, using the Fourteenth Amendment as justification.
Saint Joan of Arc, nicknamed The Maid of Orléans is considered a national heroine of France and a Catholic saint. A peasant girl born in eastern France who claimed divine guidance, she led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War, which paved the way for the coronation of Charles VII. She was captured by the Burgundians, sold to the English, tried by an ecclesiastical court, and burned at the stake when she was 19 years old. Twenty-five years after the execution, Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, pronounced her innocent and declared her a martyr. Joan of Arc was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920.