What are the characteristics of the Colonial Literature
In a real sense, there were no literal works in the early colonial period. They were just personal literature in the form of diaries, travel books, letters, journals, sermons, histories and prose.
(1) In content, they wrote about the voyage to the new land, about adopting themselves to unfamiliar climates and crops, about dealing with Indian, and especially about religion.
(2) In form, English traditions were imitated.
The period which stretches from the end of the eighteenth century through the outbreak of the Civil War has been referred to as the Age of Romanticism. Romanticism was a rebellion against the objectivity of rationalism. It was a movement of conscious rebellion against being too objective. The romantic spirit was one of subjectivity of inward feelings that one could trust one’s subjective responses. Romantics placed a high premium upon the creative function of imagination, and saw art as a formulation of intuitive and imaginative perceptions that tend to speak a nobler truth than that of fact. American romantics shared certain general characteristics that they emphasized moral enthusiasm, faith in the value of individualism and intuitive perception. And they hold a presumption that the natural world was a source of goodness and man’s societies a source of corruption.
With the publication of Emerson’s Nature in 1836, American Romanticism reached its summit.
With Howells, James and Mark Twain active on the scene, romanticism became the major trend in the 70s and 80s of the 19th century.
Transcendentalism refers to the religious and philosophical doctrines of Ralph Waldo Emerson and others in New England in the middle 1800’s, which emphasized the importance of individual inspiration and intuition, the Oversoul, and Nature. Other concepts