Jermey Betham Utiliarianism

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Jeremy Bentham was born on February 15, 1748 in Houndsditch, London. He is most famously known as the father of Utilitarianism and was also the teacher of John Stuart Mill who furthered expanded on Bentham’s study on Utilitarianism (Utilitarian Philosophy, 2010).Utilitarianism is the most commonly known consequentialist theory. Jeremy Bentham passed away in the year 1832 (Utilitarian Philosophy, 2010).
The two main elements that characterize utilitarianism are happiness and consequentialism. (Utilitarian Philosophy, 2010). The largest or biggest happiness that every human being is in search for can be described as utilitarian happiness. In addition, with respect to the concept of utilitarianism, everything useful or relevant to happiness is good (Utilitarian Philosophy, 2010). Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility. “Utility is found in everything which contributes to the happiness of every rational being” (Utilitarian Philosophy, 2010). In very simplistic terms, utilitarianism can be described as the balancing of good outcomes over harmful ones for greatest number of people. In other words, it is the greatest happiness for the greatest number of individuals (LaGrone, 2015). The concept of utilitarianism emphasizes the fact that a human being’s actions are right when they increase the good. In one of the abstracts in Bentham’s Principles of Morality and Legislation, Bentham states that the judgement or criterion of good and evil is balanced between the happiness of individuals and the happiness of the community (Utilitarian Philosophy, 2010). On the other hand, consequentialism in utilitarianism is based on the fact that human beings are judged based on consequences. In other words, “an action must be judged for its consequences on the happiness of the largest number of people” (Utilitarian Philosophy, 2010). To be more specific, according to
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