Jean Watson Caring Theory

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Jean Watson Caring Theory
May 30, 2011
Stephanie Guignard

Jean Watson Caring Theory Jean Watson views her carative factors as a standard for how nursing should be. "She uses the term carative to contrast with conventional medicine's curative factors." (Cara, 2003). Watson felt that her carative factors would honor the human dimensions of nursing's work. (2006) The ten carative factors included in Watson's theory are:
1. Humanistic-altruistic system of value.
2. Faith-Hope.
3. Expressing positive and negative feelings.
4. Sensitivity to self and others.
5. Helping-trusting, human care relationship.
6. Creative problem-solving caring process.
7. Transpersonal teaching learning.
8. Supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment.
9. Human needs assistance.
10. Existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces. (Watson, 1988)

Evolution of Jean Watson’s Carative Factors/Caritas Processes over time
|Carative |Caritas Processes |Caritas Literacy (Competencies) |
|Factors |(2002-2008) |(From draft of working document subgroup of |
|(1979, 1985) |(Some agencies/individuals refer to the Caritas |International Caritas Consortium, June 2007, |
| |Processes as “Caring Practices.”) |Watson, J., D’Alfonso, J., Duffy, J., Rigotti,|
| | |G., and Woodward, T; modified by Jean Watson, |
| | |Jan. 30, 2008) from Watson, J. (2008). |
| |

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