Playing and learning in children’s education E1/A In (appendices 1), the Nursery World article written by Fisher. J (2012) talks about how the role of the practitioner should plan for a balance between adult –led learning and child –led learning. This means that the adult needs to observe children closely to see how they are developing. When the practitioner stands back during child-led play, they can gain lots of information about a child, how they use their environments and resources. This helps to meet their learning needs if the practitioner then uses this information to plan the next steps.
Reggio Emilia focuses more on the role family centered care play in impacting children’s development. John Dewey supports the idea of making children lifelong learners by increasing their awareness of the world and providing them with the necessary skills to function and operate productively and responsibly in society. All three theorist espouse the fundamental certainty that children if given the proper care and social interactions, can develop into critical conscious beings aware of themselves and the world in which they live. Teacher-child and peer interaction are two integral aspects of children critical development. Vygotsky supports this notion and argues that family centered care increases children’s awareness through dialogue, child initiated play, and other engaging challenging explorations such as small groups interactions and the overall interactions with others.
Jean Paget and Lev Vygotsky were both major contributors to the cognitive development of psychology among children. Cognitive development is defined as development of the ability to think and reason. By understanding the growth of cognitive development, teachers enable themselves to better cater to each unique need of a child. Piaget and Vygotsky were constructivists. Constructivism is an approach to teaching and learning based on that cognition is the result of “mental construction”.
Bruner ( 1974) developed a social constructivist model of development in which the child is actively engaged in meaning making through their interactions with people and the environment. Bruner developed the term Language Activating Support System (LASS) to describe the socialising process that drives children towards language learning. In this model Bruner considered the practitioner-child relationship to be a critical factor in language development. Bruner ( 1974) believed that individuals only reach their full potential through social and cultural interactions. These interactions allow individuals to make sense of the world, shaping ideas and beliefs and providing the opportunity to use language to express thoughts.
It enables children to interact and participate in a variety of projects to encourage creativity and independence. This is a good strategy as it encourages children to construct their knowledge through the relationships they build with others and the surrounding environment. ‘’It is an approach where the expressive arts play a central role in learning and where a unique reciprocal learning relationship exists between practitioner and child’’. www.educationscotland.gov.uk/ (21/11/13). It is an important aspect to carry out when allowing children to play, as it encourages children to be independent learners, and allows them to understand and learn about life and the world.
CCLD MU 5.3; Lead Practice that Support Positive Outcomes for Child and Young Person Development 1.1Explain different theories and frameworks of child and young person development Piaget Piaget’s theories allow us to take the idea of ‘schema’ into practice and use it to effectively plan for the development of a child. Using these ‘schema’ and Piaget’s stages (sensorimeter, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational) we can assess where and how a child is currently learning, and plan activities and observations to help them develop into the next stages. High Scope The High Scope theory approach supports children’s learning through play. It helps children to develop their self-esteem, confidence and language. It encourages children to learn at their own level that they feel comfortable and confident with, therefore enhancing the opportunity for developing many social and intellectual skills.
It is about changing schools to make them more responsive to the needs of all children.” (Mittler, 2000 cited Carpenter,Ashdown & Bovair 2001) It is widely known, that assessments of the level of a student’s performance greatly influence the teacher’s planning and strategies. The QCA (Curriculum Assessment Authority) states that planning should begin with the pupil’s needs, interests, aptitudes and achievements and that all pupils should have access to programmes of study that enable them to progress and to show achievement (QCA, 2001). Out of that reason children with learning disabilities need an assessment, which is based on all involved circumstances. In this assignment I want to show the main reasons, why children with Down syndrome have very special needs and how these needs influence the learning process Having clarified this I want to show the identification of needs using an assessment portfolio and how this is used to meet individual needs of a child. I also want to evaluate the way in which the team worked to put the information for the portfolio together.
By basing knowledge on how children develop and learn, it can help make more developmentally appropriate activities. The children would learn more, and you would be more successful as a teacher. *Appreciate and support the bond between the child and family. If you appreciate the bond between the child and family, teaching in the classroom
This assignment will include one of Henry's play/leisure scale that has been administered to a child by an interview with a report describing the result that has been obtained. The scale that specifically used in this assignment is the kid play profile [KPP]. The Henry scale helps the occupational therapist to evaluate the abilities of their client and help them to know better about their client's life and interests which is important information for the occupational therapist to know. Play has an important role in the child development it help the child to be more socialize and make the child more capable to express him/her self. (National Literacy Trust, n.d.).
They felt that it was in the early years of development that children are evolving who they are as an individual. This led to the creation of a program centered on the principles of respect, responsibility, and community through exploration and discovery. In a supportive and endowing environment based on the interests of the children through a self-guided curriculum. The Reggio Emilia philosophy is based upon these key components: children need to have the control over the direction of their learning; children must be able to learn through the participation of moving, seeing, touching, hearing, and listening. Children must also be permitted to explore and have infinite ways and opportunities to express themselves.