Japanese American Internment Camps: Discovering Japan

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Discovering Japan History The official name is Nihon and its capital is Tokyo. Japan has a population of approximately 126,000,000 people. Nihon is an island chain; it is located in Eastern Asia between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula. Japan is slightly smaller than California. Its climate varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north. There are four seasons in Japan: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Most of its terrain is mountainous, and the remaining area is covered with plains and basins. The four main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Japan’s official language is Japanese. There are three types of characters to write Japanese: kanji, hiragana and katakana.…show more content…
Japanese warplanes bombed the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The surprise attack led the United States to declare war on Japan. There were a lot of destruction, nineteen ships were destroyed, and two thousand three hundred and thirty five service man were killed. President D. Roosevelt proclaimed this date, “a date which will live in infamy.” As a consequence of the bombing, one hundred and twenty thousand people were imprisoned without committing any crime. Two-thirds of the Japanese were American citizens. Their only crime was that they were of Japanese ancient. The Japanese imprisoned during World War II belonged to one of two groups called Issei and Nisei. The Issei were Japanese citizens who came to America to get a better life. They were not allowed to become citizens of the United States because the Naturalization Act of 1790 limited citizen to “any alien, being a free white person.” At the time Asians were considered nonwhite. On the other hand, the Nisei were the children of the Issei. They were born in America, were American citizens and they had the same rights as any citizen. The Nisei spoke English and practiced American customs. In 1930 they formed the Japanese American Citizens League. The league was influential in Washington, Oregon, and California. Ninety- five of the Japanese lived on these states. The San Francisco Board of Education segregated its schools basis of race. The Japanese students on this district were sent to a school in a Chinatown. President Theodore Roosevelt persuaded the board to cancel its segregation order. In return, President Roosevelt got Japan to consent to a “gentlemen’s agreement” by which Japan voluntarily stopped the immigration of Japanese men to the United States. On the other hand, Japanese women immigrate to America to marry Issei men, and this angered the white
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