Columbus's second voyage, which began on September 25, 1493, was a much larger fleet. They first headed to the La Navidad to check on the Spanish colony, but when they had gotten there, "To their horror, they discovered that the entire settlement of La Navidad had been massacred and the site burned to the ground"(Tirado). They built the colony of Isabella a little bit away from La Navidad. They went searching for gold nearby but "When gold failed to show up on large quantities, Columbus decided on a policy of forced labor. Enslavement of the natives had not been one of the stated goals of this expedition and it was offensive to the Queen; yet Columbus justified Indian enslavement on the grounds that it would be profitable" (Tirado).
In 1607, the London Company of England began as a business venture , by a joint stock company, to provide them with raw materials, from the southern tributaries in North America (lecture, 24 Oct 2012). The London Company received a charter from King James I, to launch an expedition to colonize Virginia (textbook, pg.29 ). There were 144 settlers (primarily men) who set sail for America and only 104 of them survived the journey. They landed on the northern east coast of America, on a peninsula, in the Chesapeake Bay, which they named Jamestown. As it turns out, the colonists poorly selected a site inland, which they believed would provide them security from the natives (textbook, pg.
It failed to reach any goals of stable government or happy living. Chapter one tells of the first successful English settlement in the new world. Not to be mistaken for the first English voyage to the new world. A number of attempts, such as Sir Walter Raleigh in 1585 and 1587 and also Captain Newport in 1605, to settle in the Americas had failed due to small size of investments and not enough men. After these failed attempts, seeing how power was in numbers, Many London merchants, soldiers, and country men came together and organized a trading company and then were granted a charter by King James as The Virginia Company of London, on April 10, 1606.
The farmers, who were now demanding governmental reforms in addition to protection from hostile Native Americans, forced the governor to flee. Bacon then led another expedition against the Native Americans, defeating them at the Battle of Bloody Run. While Bacon was engaged in this effort, Berkeley began to raise a force to fight him. Marching against Jamestown a second time, Bacon captured the city and burned it in September 1676. In the following month, Bacon died suddenly and his rebellion immediately collapsed.
Christopher Columbus, well known for “finding” the New World, began Spain’s voyaging into the New World with the support of Isabella and Ferdinand. Columbus had not intentionally found new land, but had planned to find a faster route to Asia through the Atlantic Ocean. This idea was first proposed to the Portuguese before Spain. The Portuguese denied Columbus’ itinerary and set off to find their own around Africa to Asia. Because of Spain’s rivalry with Portugal they joined in the race of finding a faster route to Asia with Christopher Columbus’ help.
The goal of the new town was that of creating almost a model society, working together as one. Documents F is an excerpt from the History of Virginia by Captain John Smith. The History of Virginia is a personal account written in third person of the dealings in Virginia, and the mishap and greediness that occurred. According to Smith, the “worst” people out of those looking for wealth were the “gold seekers.” They didn’t come to America for anything other the hope of getting rich, versus the Puritans who went there for religious purposes. Apparently the men in search of gold would make “all men their slaves,” but in Document A it’s said that the Puritans must “work as one man.” Documents D, which was basically a Constitution of their own, made it known that the New Englander’s top priority was to get a minister as soon as possible.
Christopher Columbus characterized the Indians as “ naïve and free with their possessions” as they were willing to share with the outsiders. Due to Columbus’ exaggerations about his discovery, Ferdinand and Isabella, king and queen of Spain, felt the need to aid Columbus and his expeditions more, in hopes of acquiring wealth. By the year 1495, Columbus was losing hope. His men on the Navidad Island were not able to find any gold for surprisingly they were all killed due to gang attacks on the Indians. Columbus rounded up fifteen hundred Indians as slaves, bringing a large portion of them to Spain.
In a speech made by the chief of the Iroquois Confederation, Canassatego states that settlers are migrating into Iroquois land and disrupting Indian hunting (Doc B). His remarks explain that the white settlers are encroaching on their land and that earlier treaties have been unfair. Pontiac’s rebellion caused the Proclamation of 1763 to be put in place by King George III leading to an increase of tension from the colonies to the British, angry that they had won the war yet were not able to settle in the territories they had gained. Economically Britain accumulated a significant amount of debt paying for the war, which in turn caused an increase in taxes for
Internal strife over religious issues Lessons learned; i. Location and climate is important ii. They must work to live and eat iii. Just searching for gold and not getting the essentials for living is useless John Smith; young adventurer that saved Jamestown -> Economic base; House of Burgesses; first assembly of elected representatives of English colonists in North America -> established by the Virginia Maryland (1634): Reasons for settlement; i.
Being President, Monroe had a significant amount of power over the country and its government. Monroe’s Doctrine opened the floodgates for Manifest Destiny after the nation knew the government was behind it. Document A provides evidence that Monroe was correct with his prediction that America would follow the government’s lead and head west to protect the country through Manifest Destiny. The strongest argument against Manifest Destiny was the fact that would bring slavery to the new territories America gained. Not only was this false, Americans and politicians who were anti-slavery overlooked this because spreading what they considered America’s good qualities was more important to them and they wanted to follow Monroe’s Doctrine.