By 1819 new states were all being added as slave states. Missouri in 1821 which was not part of the original N.W and S.W ordinance was a new slave state. Planters thanks to Eli Whitney, were now able to grow different types of cotton that was better suited for the internal lands of the U.S. Northern states were worried about the increasing slave states because it meant that there was a growing southern power in the house of Reperesentves. In 1821 Missouri was admitted into the union in 1820 because of the Missouri compromise. This meant for the admission of Main as a free state.
This was called the popular sovereignty. The debate on slavery became a big issue for most people. Pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups fought many wars, each side wanting to gain control of Kansas so they could vote for it to become a slave state or a free state. All the different wars would end up beginning the civil war. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed through congress and became law in May of 1854.
In 1840, they formed the liberty party in an effort to elect an American president who would abolish slavery. Their nominee, James Gillespie Birney, was a former slaveholder turned abolitionist from Alabama. Birney had converted to abolitionism and moved to Ohio. In 1837, he had become executive secretary of the American Anti- Slavery Society. In the 1840 election, he polled only seven thousand votes, but in 1844 he won sixty thousand, and from that time forth an anti-slavery party contested every national election until Abraham Lincoln won the presidency in 1860.
“The Missouri compromise succeeded in minimalizing divisions between north and south in the years 1820-50.” How far do you agree with this view? The Missouri compromise was a line that separated the United States into free soil (north) and slave states (south) to keep the balance in congress in regards to the extension of slavery. The 1820 compromise was successful in minimalizing divisions until 1846 due to that fact that for every free state, there will be a slave state and the gag rule (1836-44). However, despite the fact the compromise worked for 26 years, due to the effects of the Mexican war (1846), slavery became a national issue once again that increased divisions between the north and south. The Mexican cession disrupted the balance, which suggests that the Missouri compromise wasn’t successful in minimalizing divisions between north and south.
The South, deeply rooted in tradition, upheld its convictions about the necessity of slavery. Various attempts at compromise between the two sections were made, including the Compromise of 1850 and the controversial Kansas-Nebraska Act. Both of these, however, failed to settle disputes, and in reality they only raised more questions about the South’s peculiar institution. In response to the punishing of runaway slaves under the Fugitive Save Act of 1850, Northern teacher and abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe penned the widely successful Uncle Tom’s Cabin. In its first year of publication, it managed to sell 300,000 copies to Northerners and Southerners alike.
With the Louisiana Purchase, the question of slavery became both geographical and political, and ushered in a period of national debate between pro- and anti slavery states to gain political and economic advantage. But by 1820, Congress was embroiled in the debate over how to divide the newly acquired territories into slave and free states. The Missouri Compromise—also referred to as the Compromise of 1820—was an agreement between the pro- and anti-slavery factions regulating slavery in the western territories. It prohibited slavery in new states north of the border of the Arkansas territory, excluding Missouri. Constitutionally, the Compromise of 1820 established a precedent for the exclusion of slavery from public territory acquired after the Constitution, and also recognized that Congress had no right to impose upon states seeking admission to the Union conditions that did not apply to those states already in the Union.” What were some of the arguments centered on slavery and territorial expansion?
In a passage from usconstitution.net it explains why “As for the slave trade, for quite some time in the Convention, it was debated hotly. The states of the Deep South wanted it maintained; the North and the middle south were opposed. But alliances between states kept some of the Northern states voting with the Deep South, and any prohibition in new slave imports or import taxes were defeated. As the Convention progressed, though, it became clear to the South and her allies that some compromise would be needed. In exchange for a prohibition on export taxes, the South agreed to allow the slave trade to continue for just 20 more years, and for imported slaves to be taxable.
Secession for Slavery Brett Kovel Teed Hist 111 10-16-13 Nearly 155 years after the end of the Civil War, new questions of why the Confederate States seceded have arisen amongst the historical and national communities. Was secession from the Union because of slavery or because of a constitutional right? According to General Bradley T. Johnson,” every lover of constitutional liberty, liberty controlled by law, all over the world begins to understand that the war was not a war waged by the South in defense of slavery, but was a war to protect liberty won and bequeathed by free ancestors.” Now, General Bradley said this in 1896, nearly 31 years after the conclusion of the Civil War. It could be that he, like
1820- Missouri Compromise- new states below 36 degrees, 30 minutes North latitude may have slavery. New states above the line must be free. 1830's- beginning of abolitionist movements in North, such as that of William Lloyd Garrison and his newspaper the Liberator. 1845- Texas admitted to the Union as a slave state. It was the last one.
South relied on enslaved labor force in plantation economy 4. New territories = more tension; slave states v. non-slave states II. Slavery in Territories 1. Slavery issue in California/ west- heated debates in Congress halls A. Statehood for California 1. Applied in December 1850 for statehood- non-slave state 2.