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Italian Unification Revolutions Essay

  • Submitted by: GEFKQEWRFG
  • on May 12, 2013
  • Category: History
  • Length: 459 words

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Below is an essay on "Italian Unification Revolutions" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Italian Unification, 1815- 1870

Background
    • After the Napoleonic wars and French rule 1796-1815 the fate of Italy was decided at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 by Austria, Prussia, Britain and Russia
    • The Vienna Settlement insisted Italy returned to the divided state system, absolutist rulers be restored, and that Lombardy and Venetia would be annexed and ruled by Austria
    • The absolutist rulers of states were told not to give into liberal and national demands, and Austria would give military support if it got out of hand.

1820-21 revolution- Naples, Sicily and Piedmont
    • SPAIN- revolution in Spain against absolutist monarchy started the domino effect.
    • NAPLES- the Cabonari, liberals and middle class demanded an end to absolutism, demanded constitutional monarchy, middle class involvement in politics and personal freedoms.
    • PIEDMONT- the Cabonari, liberals and middle class demanded an end to the reactionary ruler of Victor Emmanuel I and constitutional government
    • SICILY- before the 19th century Sicily had been independent of Naples, and they wanted independence back as many felt the king of Naples did not pay attention to Sicilian problems.

18131-33 revolution- Parma, Modena and Bologna (papal states)
    • FRANCE- revolutions in France create the domino effect, revolutionaries in Italy though the new liberal king of France would help them against their absolutist rulers and Austria
    • THE PAPAL STATES- the Cabonari, liberals and middle class demanded an end to absolutism, demanded constitutional monarchy, middle class involvement in politics and personal freedoms.

Revolution and ‘war’ 1848-49-Naples, Sicily, Lombardy, Venetia, Piedmont, the Central Duchies (Modena, Parma, Tuscany) and the Papal State
    • AGRICULTURAL DEPRESSION- the economy in the mid 19th century was agricultural. 1846-47 harvests failed, which led to the price of food rising and many could not afford to feed their families. The rulers...

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Italian Unification Revolutions. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 17, 2018, from the World Wide Web: https://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Italian-Unification-Revolutions-470425.html