Italian Renaissance vs Northern Renaissance

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AP EUROPEAN HISTORY Around the 1350s to the 1600s, a new way of life came about. This period was known as the Renaissance period; literally means, "rebirth." This time period refers to the rebirth of learning that began in Italy in the fourteenth century, then later flourished in the North. The Italian and Northern Renaissance expressed ideas of art such as paintings, sculptures, and architecture. Art during the Italian Renaissance separated itself from religion; this is known as secularism. A piece that well describes secularism is the Mona Lisa- created by Leonardo da Vinci using oil paint. He began the Mona Lisa in 1503 and competed the painting in 1517. There are no real explanations as to why da Vinci depicted the Mona Lisa, but this painting does portray secularism. Other artful Renaissance thinking the Mona Lisa portrays is a common person, realism, and perspective. Very different from the Italian Renaissance was the Northern Renaissance. Art in the Northern Renaissance focused more on religion. A well-known artist from the north was Albrecht Dürer- a German painter. His work involved altarpieces, religious works, and self-portraits. Some examples of his masterpieces are "Knight, Death, and the Devil" from 1513 and "St. Jerome in his Study" from 1514. Another art form during the Italian Renaissance was sculptures. A famous sculptor was Donatello who designed the sculpture of David. The sculpture was very realistic because it brought dramatic shapes to life. Sculptures were not very popular in the north, but wood-carvings were. Sculptures in Italy had no effect on Northern Europe whatsoever. Woodcarvings were mostly seen in churches and cathedrals alongside furniture and interior designs during the Northern Renaissance. Albrecht Dürer, mentioned earlier, was not just a painter, but also an engraver. He made woodblock print sometime around the
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