• Question 33 The motives for many writers of malicious software have changed from profit to curiosity and revenge. • Question 34 What major category of information warfare/cyber-terror does “data hiding” fall into? • Question 35 Hackers predominantly associate themselves with illegal acts. • Question 36 What major category of information warfare/cyber-terror does “cyber-plagues” fall into? • Question 37 This group tends to define hackers and their activities in terms of the danger associated with hacking and its sometimes malicious intent.
Companies such as this are required not only legally, but ethically to protect the customers’ private information or be held accountable by law. It is also bad practice to allow this sensitive information to be disseminated and stolen by cyber criminals. Since this kind of data must be protected at all costs, certain regulations were put in place so that standards for information security could be monitored. One of these standards is that all personal information is to be encrypted when being sent over the internet and also on the servers. This will make it much harder for the hacker to access the information easily.
Internal attacks can be more difficult to find as attackers have the potential to remove any evidence of the attack more easily as they have more knowledge or access rights on the system as opposed to an outside attack. Attacks can be administrated via removable devices such as a USB that could contain some form of malware on it such as a virus. Most internal attacks are conducted by unhappy employees who want to disrupt the organisation by using the knowledge they obtained in the organisation, against the organisation. Additionally, the employee may want to gain access to important data in order to infiltrate and sell the information onto another competing organisation. The
CYBERCRIME Lydda Lewis CJS/200 June 3, 2013 Lee Rankin Any kind of criminal activity that is done by using computers and the internet is called Cybercrime. This includes anything from downloading unlawful euphony files to hiding millions of dollars from online bank accounts. Cybercrime also includes non-monetary offenses, such as creating and distributing viruses on the computers or collect confidential information on the internet. Possibly the most popular form of cybercrime is identity stealing, in which are use the online to steal personal information from some other users. Two of the most informal ways this is through is through phishing and pharming.
The name pretty much sums up what these threats are. In this type of unsolicited attack, a series of regular pings often used for basic troubleshooting, are generated and sent out across groups of ip addresses. I t was noted that where a normal administrator would only ping one or two intended destinations, the internet criminal would be more ambitious and perform these sweeps, looking for as many network endpoints that they can be connected to (Conklin, White , Cothren, & Williams, 2004)). One key thing to note is that DNS lookups can also be the result of ping sweeps and port scans, using the same ping utility, but taking things a step further in the infiltration process. The IP addresses ware linked to endpoint names, which gives an attacker access to information as well to produce the end points names.
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act explicitly states “when a trespass is made with an intent to defraud that results in both furthering the fraud and the attacker obtaining something of value” (Gallegos & Senft, 2009). This definitely applies in this case, the attacker(s) used an attack known as spear fishing to dupe our customers into unintentionally installing a keystroke logging virus on to their computers. Once the virus was in place the attacker(s) waited for our customers to log into their bank accounts and recorded all the information necessary to create new user accounts and transfer funds from our customers account to other various accounts eventually ending up in the attacker(s) accounts located overseas. This would meet the qualifications stated in the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act; the attacker trespassed on these computers with the intent to obtain something of value. Also by taking the data provided by the key logger they violated the Electronics Communications Privacy.
Hackers may want to strike critical points of our infrastructure such as our economy or government. “The threat of cyber attack has grown so severe that the need for cyber security has topped the Director of National Intelligence list of global threats for the second year”. All across the FBI agency, cyber security is becoming a top priority. Any breach of any part of the FBI can be severe damage. It is better to prevent and predict attacks than to have to respond to them.
They break into our computer for several reasons but mainly to acquire personal information for financial gain, shut down hardware, steal people’s credit information, and destroy data. To protect ourselves from hackers, we should equip our computer with Firewall. This hardware “prevents unauthorized Internet users from accessing private information” (Williams & Sawyer, 2013, p. 361). Identity theft is a serious crime in which thieves steal your name and identity and use to later to make a purchase under your name. Thieves access your personal information by sending out fake e-mail, mining the trash, and stealing your
Two basic approaches are used in deliberate attacks on computer systems: data tampering and programming attack. Data tampering is a common means of attack that refers to an attack when someone enters false, fabricated or fraudulent data into a computer or changes or deletes existing data. This is the method often used by insiders and fraudsters and is extremely serious because it may not be detected. Programming attacks are popular with computer criminals that use programming techniques to modify other computer programs. For these types of crimes, programming skill and knowledge of the targeted systems are needed.
Cyber stalking resembles the definition of stalking except the use of video, digital cameras, bugs, and global positioning system (GPS). This often leads victims of stalking a lifetime of fear and anxiety. The resources available for after-care support for victims are at risk with the economical downfall the government has