Israel Palestine and Venezuela Essay

1411 WordsMay 6, 20136 Pages
Background of Topic The conflict between Israel and Palestine dates back to the early 20th century, when the two sides began fighting over land claims that include the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and the holy city of Jerusalem. The multiple Arab-Israeli wars in the mid-20th century and several conflicts, such as the “intifada” against Israel on December 9, 1987 and the Gaza War of 2008/2009, have led to unproductive negotiations and a lack of peace. This progressive conflict stems from three issues: illegal settlements by Israel, human rights violations, and religious convictions. Palestine has struggled with being recognized as a legitimate country, but made a huge leap in November of 2012 when the United Nations (UN) granted Palestine membership to the UN as a “non-member observer State” in resolution 67/19. Israel and Palestine are the two countries most affected by the political and social conflict. This last year concluded with the deaths of seventy-four Palestinians, adding to the 6,638 deaths since 2000. On the other side, Israel has suffered about 1000 casualties since the new millennia. The Israeli government currently has 4700 Palestinians imprisoned without providing a trial. Surrounding Middle Eastern countries, like Syria, Egypt, Jordan, and Iran, are also invested in the outcome of the conflict. For example, Iran’s controversial nuclear program is partially fueled by the fear of Israel’s own nuclear power and the instability of Iran’s ally, Palestine. Outside the direct conflict, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom have key mediating roles being part of the Quartet on the Middle East, which has held peace talks between the two sides since 2002 and most recently on April 11, 2012 in Washington D.C. This conflict is an international community issue because it is one of the components that make the Middle East so violent. The international

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