TDA 2.3 Communication and professional relationships with children, young people and adults In my assessment I will be looking at communication and professional relationships with children, young people and adults in schools as well as identifying and describing the key points linked to this topic. 1.1 Describe how to establish respectful, professional relationships with children and young people When building relationships with children and young people, it is vital that you adapt your behaviour and communication accordingly. You need to be able to make yourself approachable, as some children can find it difficult to connect with adults. This is why demonstrating effective communication skill can be just as important as offering support. Establishing ground rules and mutual respect at the start of any relationship when working with children is vital, this will be the foundation to successfully interacting with all children regard less of their age, culture and abilities.
2.2 Any form of prejudice and discrimination can have a severe negative effect throughout a person’s life. Being undervalued by peers can make a person feel isolated and lonely. A child’s confidence and self esteem will become less and less the more they are discriminated against. They will start not wanting to be involved in activities, stop putting their hand up to ask questions. This in turn will affect their learning and ability to interact.
Socialisation is the process of learning the accepted culture of the society in which we live in. There are two stages of socialisation -- primary and secondary. Primary socialisation takes place in the early years of a person’s life, where we mainly learn from the family -- our parents, siblings and further external family. These people have great influence upon the child, and are able to teach them and socialise them into social norms and values. Secondary socialisation then is the socialisation we receive in later life from a range of different socialising agencies, such as peer groups, education, mass media and the work place.
1.3 Describe ways to ensure that personal attitudes or beliefs do not obstruct the quality of work Everyone has attitudes and beliefs that they value. Many of these are instilled in us from a very young age. The way we are raised and the behaviours we are shown whilst growing up and developing will have a strong influence on the attitudes and opinions we are likely to form. What a child thinks is morally acceptable is most likely to be adopted from their parents and other family members. For example if a child grows up around a lot of violence they may consider that violence is acceptable form of behaviour when dealing with difficult situations.
At this time period children do not have the capability to use reason. Parenting style has a major impact on children and their temperament. Neglectful, uninvolved parenting can lead to children feeling sad and lonely [ (Berger, 2011) ]. Child abuse is defined as “deliberate action that is harmful to a child’s physical, emotional, or sexual well-being” [ (Berger, 2011) ]. Two warning signs of child abuse or child maltreatment are hostility toward others and impulsive reactions.
They tend to minimize the expression of negative emotions and instead will circumvent the situation. These children show anti-social behaviors, emotional isolation and at times hostility. As they get older they have a hard time portraying how they feel, creating relationships that are lined with uncertainty and mistrust. “Avoidant attachment in infancy is associated with later antisocial and aggressive behavior in middle child and adulthood.” (1992) They tend to lag behind their peers when it comes to emotional and cognitive development due to their inability to express their wants and
The culture and values our family instill in us determine our characteristics initially, and as we mature through time. Our family shapes who we are at a very young age, regardless whether our family has a positive or a negative influence on us. Through our development and maturing we are
They grow up ‘culturally deprived’, lacking the cultural equipment needed to do well at school, thus underachieving. There are three main aspects of cultural deprivation: Intellectual development, Language, and Attitudes and Values. Cultural deprivation theorists argue that many working-class homes lack the books, education toys and activities that would stimulate a child’s intellectual development. For example, Douglas found that working class pupils scored lower on tests of ability than middle-class leading him to conclude that working-class parents are less likely to support their children’s intellectual development through reading with them for example.
It is therefore important that you examine your own attitudes and values to consider how these may impact on the way you work with children and young people. Children listen intently to others around them, both adults and other children and soak up all information given to them. The school must make sure that the children are surrounded with positive messages about their peers and their own importance in society. All children are individuals and have individual rights; however they are not the same. It is the policy, currently, to include all children in mainstream education so long as the curriculum can be adapted to suit an individual pupils needs.
Additionally the child’s centred approach lets the children find their own learning styles and boosts the child’s confidence. Significantly enhancing their social and emotional growth ensuring children begin to gain high self-esteem with not just now but in the future, now that I know this I will encourage children to work independently and plan activities that involve problem solving. In different setting the adults have to take lead by organising different activities that will inspire the children to learn but in a safe environment. It is always key to remember that the child’s safety is paramount and everything else comes second. To successfully fur fill the requirements I as the adult will have to provide and make resources accessible so that I can interact with the children and observe and reflect on each of the child’s learning experiences.