Islamic Ethics Essay

848 WordsDec 27, 20134 Pages
In Islamic ethics, theological reasoning is a big part in how moral thinking is shaped. There are two unique schools that have come up with two different types of moral thinking that has become widely accepted. The first one is from the rational-petist Mutazila. This school promoted ethical objectivism which considered both reason and revelation one in the same. They believe that reason can be used in all situations to decide was is good or evil. Much of the decision of what is moral comes directly from the people. The other school, Ashari believed that reason was always subject to the authority of revelation instead of objective. This kind of thinking is called ethical subjectivism. In ethical subjectivism, the divine authority ultimately decides if something is good or evil. Unlike Mutazila, hardly any discretion is given to the people to decide on moral understanding. The Sunni and Shia are two religious sectors that have branched apart in these doctrines. The sunnis support the Ashari school whereas the sunnis support the Mutazila school. There is also a three-tier hierarchical taxonomy of ethical categories. These consist of compelling necessity, needs, and improvements. Compelling necessity is that the divine lawyer seeks to preserve religion, life, property, reason, and paternity. Many of the laws in regions where Islam is prevalent abide by these objectives in order to eliminate hardship. Needs also focuses on the ethical-legal subject. The needs refers to seeking out flexibility in order to preserve peace. The category of improvements promotes aesthetic perfection and ethical refinement. Public interest is another doctrine that focuses on ethics and legality. This assumption believes that public interest will always be embedded in legal rules. Public interest is even sometimes considered to have more authority then rules. Public

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