Islamic Empire and the Byzantine Empire

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The Islamic Empire and the Byzantine Empire are both filled with great milestones, and innovative advancements. The similarities these great empires included such as the fact that they both had theocracies, schisms. A difference between the two empires is that they had different religious views. The Byzantine and Islamic empires saw eye-to-eye from a political standpoint. The Byzantine empire was run as a theocracy. Meaning the leader (emperor) had both religious and political power. The same could be said about the Islamic caliphate. The ruler, or caliph, ruled the caliphate using principles/teachings of Islam. This was implemented in order to emphasize the importance of religion throughout a state of government. Also, the Byzantine empire followed Eastern Orthodox Christianity which was very non-tolerant to non-christians. However, the Islamic empire was tolerant to a point. They allowed for non-muslims to believe it what they wanted, but they would have to pay an extra tax that muslims did not have to pay. The thought of a theocracy in the Byzantine empire helped them to thrive after being partitioned from the western Roman empire. On the other hand, it aided the Islamic caliphate in expanding throughout asia and parts of europe, including spain, portugal, etc. Aside from their many similarities, the Byzantine and Islamic empires did not see eye-to-eye on everything. After being partitioned from the western Roman empire, the Byzantine empire kept their belief of christianity as their primary religion. On the other hand, the Islamic caliphate followed the teachings and principles of Mohammed, the prophet of the Islam. Furthermore, even though the two empires had different religious views, religion played a key role in both civilizations. Christianity was created based upon the teachings and principles of Jesus Christ. His disciples/ followers continued to

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