Isis Essay

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The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) Candice Rascon Brookline College 7/7/14 The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is an organization formally aligned with Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). Al Qaeda's leader Ayman al-Zawahiri has withdrawn Al Qaeda’s alliance with ISIS because he seen their brutal tactics being too extreme. So in 2010 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi began to lead the group. ISIS has been responsible for seizing multiple cities in Iraq, carrying out mass killings. This organizations is made up of untrained military foreign volunteers, its exact size is unclear, but the group is thought to include thousands of fighters. Some are used as suicide bombers either moving on foot wearing suicide vests, or driving vehicles packed with explosives. Often, more than one suicide bomber is used at any one time. The ISIS tactic is to make a surprise attack, inflict maximum casualties and spread fear before withdrawing without suffering heavy losses. They are consider the most violent group in the world. Their main goal is to fight the Iraqi army to establish an Islamic state and impose sharia law in towns it controls. There are two Islamic religions, Shi’ah and Sunni. Sunni is what makes up ISIS. The differences between these two main sub-groups within Islam initially stemmed not from spiritual differences, but political ones. Sunnis believe Muslim leaders can be elected, or picked, from those qualified for the job. Shiites believe leaders should be direct descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. So they don’t recognize the same authority in Islam. Where once the conflict between Sunni and Shiite was religious, now the conflict is more political. This is why ISIS is trying to dominate in Iraq so that these cities will follow the sharia law. A few of the cities they have already taken control of are cities like Aleppo,

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