Is Political Science Art or Science Essay

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Is Political Science an Art or Science? by Pragati Ghosh Aristotle, who is traditionally referred to as the father of Political Science, considered Political Science as the master of all sciences or the supreme science. Similarly, Sidgwik and Bryce consider Political Science as a science. But certain other persons like Maitland deny that Political Science is not a science. Aristotle, who is traditionally referred to as the father of Political Science, considered Political Science as the master of all sciences or the supreme science. Similarly, Sidgwik and Bryce consider Political Science as a science. But certain other persons like Maitland deny that Political Science is not a science. What is a Science? Before one examines the claim of political science to be called as a science, one ought to know what is the meaning of science. Science may be defined as “a body of systematized knowledge”. So, a knowledge that has been accumulated by a systematic process is called a science. These may be physical sciences or social sciences. Physical sciences like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc. follow this scientific approach while studying physical phenomena. Social sciences like Sociology, Political Science and Economics also follow this scientific approach while studying social phenomena. A political scientist may observe the electoral behaviour in a constituency systematically, with a view to formulating general principles. Political scientists like Aristotle and Bryce observed systematically the working of the governmental systems in many States. As a result of their studies, certain principles in Political Science were formulated. Thus, when one examines the principles of political science, one finds that these principles have been formulated after a systematic study of political phenomena. Now, if by science one means a body systematised knowledge, them

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