Is Globalization Is a Challenge or a Confirmation to Realism?

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Is globalization is a challenge or a confirmation to realism? The state has already been seen as the main actor on the world stage by realism for a long time. However, the process towards the globalization calls it into question. Even though it’s just one part of the entire realist theory, it seems that realism has to struggle to live in the area of globalization. This essay will first illustrate the definition and main contents of globalization and realism, then it will focus on the challenges realists face under the shadow of globalization, as state-centric approaches are undermined by the new emerging actors, states lose the monopoly of authority and power resources, and it suffers the ‘relative deterritorialization of activities’ (Mcgrew, 1992). To finish off, it will reverse to demonstrate the relevance that realism relies for survival, to say it’s not anachronistic, as national interests are always concerned firstly when dealing with international issues, international system didn’t shift from anarchy to other forms and other ideas like balance of power and survival remains ture. Globalization can be defined as the ‘time-space compression’ (Harvey, 1989), or ‘a process that involves a great deal more than simply growing connections or interdependence between states.’ (Mcgrew, 1992) According to the definition, world can be seen as a shared social space, which means the ‘great divide’ between the domestic and international politics is dimed. This also set the stage for the appearance of other new actors which will be explained below. Realism is the dominant theory of international relations, especially better fit for the area before the 1990s. However, as globalization spreading worldwide, many critics claims that realism is being challenged. According to Keohane (1986), there are some core assumptions of realism, state-centric approach as one, which argue
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