With the rise in the professional politician many prefer to remain loyal in order to gain power and move up in the hierarchy as opposed to become a rebel who remains in the back benchers. This can be seen after the vote on tuition fees and the liberal democrats. Despite the fact that they had campaigned for this cause endlessly only 26 (including a few Conservatives) chose to vote against the bill. Whips play an important part in removing efficiency from Parliament. By having whips who ensure that MPs behave in accordance to the decisions of the executive both Parliaments ability to scrutinise and hold the executive to account is diminished, but also their role as representatives of their individual constituency is also compromised.
Analyse the view that the Labour and Conservative parties are dominated by their respective leaders. In recent years there has been much debate as to whether party leaders have too much power over their parties. Many do believe that the two main party leaders in the UK do not dominate their parties as the structure of their party does not allow them to do so, but many more believe that party leaders have great authority over their parties and are fully committed to driving their parties policy with little delegation or use of their cabinet ministers. Historically the Conservative Party leader has been more powerful than the Labour Party leader. People believe this is down to the party’s history; the Labour Party originated from the trade union movement at the turn of the 20th century and originally had a chairman of the Labour MPs in the House of Commons, but no leader.
The number of moderate in the senate, outweigh that of the tea party caucus, 3-1. This data shows that moderate conservatism still has influence within congress, and can not be said that it it doesn't exist. How a strong conservative GOP member represent a state with numerous district, both with liberal and conservatives, a middle ground must be
The fact that the 1964 election was won by a mere 4 vote majority by Labour supports this opinion and gives rise to the suggestion that if it had been Butler, and not Douglas-Home leading the Conservatives then perhaps they would not have lost the election. Although it cannot be denied that Wilson’s relentless talk of ‘The white heat of technology’ suited the mood of the time. However despite Wilson’s promise of a more modern Britain the country failed to match the growth rates of the USA, Japan and Western European countries. One explanation for the poor state of the economy was that Britain at that time was going through a major shift in its economic and social structure; changing from an industrial
The most important question here is what should be done about this problem in our current voting system? Even though the two-party system arguably creates a more stable government than a multi-party system, the two-party system is very unfair. The two-party system contrives an inequitable system where primary parties are afforded significantly larger power, social influence, and consequently crush their third party competitors in every presidential election. The two-party system makes government less democratic, and large power gap between political parties. As opposed to a two party system, a multi-party system creates a much more effective government.
However the HOC is not effective in carrying out this function because ethnic minorities are not fairly represented as there are now only 27 MP’s that are from ethnic minority groups, this is not representative of society as a whole. Labour recognition of ethnic minorities is the best out of all political parties as they have chukka umanna, who is of Nigerian and Irish descent. As well as this, the gender representation in the HOC is also poor as only 21 percent of the HOC is female, leading to women being underrepresented in politics. Younger views are also not fairly represented as the average age of MP’s still remains high, which could affect the political interest of younger people. The FPTP electoral system doesn’t allow fair representation as it only allows the winner to take the seat in any constituency, this means that parties that have a large share of the votes, don’t win seats accordingly.
Using your knowledge as well as the passage, explain why the First Past The Post System has rarely resulted in coalition government at Westminster. First Past The Post (FPTP) or Simple plurality is the traditional system of voting in general and local elections in the UK. It is voting systems that enable people to vote through the ballot box in every election which take place in every 5 years. It’s a majoritarian system were the person with the most vote wins all in which it tend to favour larger, more established parties over those who support smaller parties. As a result of this, first past the post has rarely resulted in coalition government at Westminster because first past the post prevent other parties to form coalition government as
However, he still managed to win some bills such as the energy bill and housing sectors bill. The failure that George W. Bush experienced during his second term was his inability to select bills that could earn support of some Democrats instead they did not appeal to the Democrats, and it was very easy for them to oppose the bill thus hurting his presidency by weakening it as he failed to unify them. The Immigration reform appealed to the Democrats but it did not go well with some Conservative Republicans, who opposed it and he responded by attacking his base. Therefore, the Democrats gained an upper hand against the divided Republicans (Graham, 2010). The natural disaster the Katrina Hurricane saw the Bush administration come under fire as many cried against the
However these are not representative of the nation as a whole indicating that America has not transformed into a 50:50 nation. Lastly, the US is becoming increasingly polarised as parties become polarised e.g. Republicans are conservative and Democrats are liberal people are either one or the other they do not take on a more moderate view although there are some that do this suggests that the statement is in fact true and that America has turned into a nation split down the middle. Overall America has become a split nation with no real political party dominating the country for a long period of time. Despite Republican dominance from 1994 – 2006 the change from Republicans to Democrats to Republicans illustrates the divide in the nation additionally, the polarisation of parties has made it so that votes either support one party or the
The failure of the Frankfurt parliament was precipitated by a number of factors, from its inability to make quick, vital decisions to the division between its members. The responsibility of founding a national constitution was left to an unrepresentative portion of society that made up the Frankfurt Parliament. Eighty percent of its members had university degrees and the rest was comprised of a few land owners, four craftsmen and one peasant .Of the 596 members, the vast majority were middle-class which meant that overall the parliament was moderately liberal in politics. However, the minority of extremist members of the Parliament, as well as the differing aims of its liberal and radical affiliates, proved fatal for the Frankfurt Parliament. Differences could not easily be resolved between these groups and so a majority decision was seldom reached.