Irony of Hero on Batman and Harvey Dent’s Characterizations in Christoper and Jonathan Nolan’s the Dark Knight’s Film Script Essay

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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This chapter deals with background of research, statement of problem, research questions, purpose and significances of research, and organization of writing. A. Background of Research The definition of literature develops from time to time, starts from the Russian formalist who says that literature as an organized violence committed on ordinary speech until I.A Richards who believes that literature contains some subjective values-judgements (Eagleton, 1983:15). People cannot determine those are true or wrong, because they surely have their own perception and interpretation about literature through literary works in their own era. Therefore, people may have their own definition about literature based on the literary works in their own era. According to Semi (1990:1) literature is viewed as a result of creativity process of human being which uses language as its media. Even though the definition of literature is relative, literature, however, is a part of society culture. It uses language as its device to express some messages which want to be shared by the authors to the readers. The message may be in various forms, it can be the author’s perception about the world, reflection of socio-cultural conditions, or about some values that they believe in. Based on its form literary work is divided into three genres they are poetry, prose, and drama. They appear in different time. Poetry first comes far before people know how to read and write. People have already read it, listened to it, or recited it because it gave them enjoyment (Perrine, 1977:3); the second genre is prose, in which is an inclusive term for all discourse, spoken or written, which is not patterned into the lines and rhythms either of metric verse (Klarer, 1999:9); the last genre is drama, in which is the form of composition designed for performance in the theatre, in which

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