Irish Migration To Newfoundland

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Irish Migration to the Newfoundland For many, migration from one place to another have reasons that “pushed” people to look for opportunities to leave and also “pulled” them to a particular destination. Newfoundland and Labrador's permanent population rapidly expanded during the first half of the 19th century, largely due to an arrival of English, Irish, and Scottish immigrants. During the early 1800s, the migratory fishery gave way to a resident one as more and more immigrants arrived from overseas to live in coastal communities on the island or in southern Labrador. A wide range of factors prompted immigrants to leave their homes and settle in Newfoundland and Labrador. Overpopulation in many British towns caused some residents to move elsewhere,…show more content…
Out of work and with few local options, many tradesmen and their families emigrated to Newfoundland and Labrador. Similar socio-economic conditions existed in Ireland. The collapse of the textile industry in the southeast and a series of poor farming seasons between 1770 and 1830 resulted in much economic hardship for members of the working class. The country's population jumped from about four million to seven million, placing even greater pressures on Ireland's limited jobs and resources. During the first three decades of the 19th century, between 30,000 and 35,000 people left Ireland for Newfoundland and Labrador, often to escape hunger, poverty, and overcrowded living conditions. The Newfoundland and Labrador's growing economy and small resident population made it more than capable of absorbing large numbers of immigrants during the early decades of the 19th century, these factors also made it an attractive destination for migrants wishing to escape poverty and population congestion prevalent in their points of origin. The Napoleonic and Anglo-American wars of the early 1800s brought much economic prosperity to Newfoundland and Labrador and helped turn its coastal fishery into a
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