Iraq Conflict Between Sunnis and Shiites

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Iraq: Background of event and analysis of the conflict In order to understand the conflict between the Sunnis and the Shiites, we must first look at and understand the differences between the two and why they are in conflict. It is believed that the Islamic religion was founded by Prophet Muhammad in the seventh century. The separation between the Sunnis and Shiites was caused by the death of Mohammed in 632 died. instead of his cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib taking the power, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, one of Mohammed’s closest companions, inherited the power. This indicated the separation between Muslims in to two sections. The Sunnis believed that anyone taking the position of the Caliph shoulCOBE elected by the religious leaders of the community and not reliant on the direct lineage of Mohammed. The Shiites, on the other hand believed that those who were direct descendants of Mohammed were the only legitament caliphs know as the imams. The Imam succession ended with the disappearance of the twelfth Imam, but the Shiites believe that he would soon reemerge. Saddam Hussein and his Baathist Party in Iraq controlled the people of Iraq; it was constituted of Sunnis, who controlled the government. During this time period, Shiites made up 60% of the population and the Sunnis only made up 20%. Saddam Hussein brutally suppressed and killed thousands of Shiite civilians. In 2003, the U.S. invaded Iraq and overthrew Saddam Hussein. Most of the government officials were removed from their positions but were still determine to force the US out of Iraq and remain the dominant force. Due to there being government elections, many Shiites received government jobs and are now trying to become the ruling power of the Iraqi government. This caused the Sunnis to become outraged and shifted their focus from targeting Americans placing the blame on the Shiites by

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