White precipitate shows the presence of chloride (Cl-). Chloride anion equation: HCl(aq) + AgNO3 (aq) → HNO3 (aq) + AgCl(s). The nitrate anion test involves cooling a mixture containing 1 mL of test solution and 3mL 18M H2SO4. 2mL is poured down the inner test tube side and the presence of a brown ring shows nitrate (NO3-) to be present. The carbonate anion test mixes 1 mL of test solution and drops of 6M HCl.
Once the chemicals had been organized I then place 2 drops of the first chemical and 2 drops of the second chemical into the allotted well. Once 2 drops of each chemical were placed in the well I stirred the mixture with a toothpick and observed the mixture. The observations of the various combinations were then noted. The following combinations took place in the experiment. NaHCO3 (sodium bicarbonate - baking soda) and HCl (hydrochloric acid).
Fill the burette with 0.005mol dm-3 potassium manganate(VII) solution. 6. Pour some of the thyme extract solution into a 250cm3 plastic beaker. 7. Using a measuring cylinder, add 50cm3 of 1.0mol dm-3 sulphuric(VI) acid to the thyme extract in the conical flask.
Cylinder was rinsed with distilled water. * * 2. 2.0 ppm standard: 2.00 mL of 10.0 ppm phosphate solution was placed in a 25 mL graduated cylinder and diluted to exactly the 10 mL mark with distilled water then poured into a plastic cup labeled 2. Cylinder was rinsed with distilled water. * 3.
An aqueous solution of ammonium sulfate is allowed to react with an aqueous solution of lead(II) nitrate. Identify the solid in the balanced equation. A) (NH4 )2 SO4 B) Pb(NO3 )2 C) PbSO4 D) NH4 NO3 E) There is no solid formed when the two solutions are mixed. ____ 11. An aqueous solution of sodium carbonate is reacted with an aqueous solution of calcium chloride.
Results APPEARANCES OF MATERIALS USED Substance Physical Appearance Zinc Carbonate White; powderish Calcium Hydroxide White; powderish; like zinc carbonate 3 M HCL Clear liquid, resembles water 20 mesh granular zinc Grey, metallic, shiny 3% hydrogen peroxide Clear liquid; resembles water Manganese dioxide Very dark grey, black and powdery Copper sulfate Blue, crystalline in structure. Sky blue Zinc iodide Very dark purple, shiny and crystalline in structure 0.1 M acetic acid Clear liquid, resembles water Zinc oxide Very white powdery substance RAW RESULTS Data Specifided (Page 112 CRC handbook) Raw data Volume of Gas Collection Bottle (Average of 3 Trials) 14.04mL Mass of boiling tube (empty) 41.57g Mass of boiling tube with zinc carbonate 43.42g Mass of zinc carbonate 1.75g Volume of water in gas collection bottle after reaction 78.5mL Volume of gas product collected 185.2mL Mass of solid product with boiling tube after reaction 1.11g QUALITATIVE TEST RESULTS Group # Test Observation: Standard Positive/Negative Observation: Experimental Positive/Negative 1 H2 HCL + Zinc bubbling + flaming stick POP! + + flaming splint no POP - 2 CO2 Turned cloudy + Negated from experiment Negated from experiment 3 O2 MgO2 + Hydrogen Peroxide bubbling. Glow stick re-ignited + + wooden splint; glowing stick went out - 4 H2) Added 1 pea size CuSulfate + 1 drop of deionized water; blue, positive + Copper sulfate did not change color when put into wet filter paper - 5 Zn (OH)2 Zinc iodide + 3mL H2O Clear suspension + Visual inspection; cloudy. Acid test= solid + 3M Acetic acid cloudy + 6 ZnO ZnO + Heat yellow Zn Cooled White + ZnCO3 + heat yellow solid.
After that, dissolve the sample in 2 mL of deionized water and shake the test tube for 1 to 1 ½ minutes to dissolve the solid. Place another dry test tube in a 50mL beaker and weigh it. Find a bottle of barium iodide and record the name and molar mass. Then, weight out either anhydrous barium iodide or barium iodide dehydrate into this test tube and dissolve is it in 2 mL of deionized water. Pour the contents of one of the test tubes into the other and a reaction should occur and you should see a white precipitate of barium sulfate form.
The following data were obtained when a sample of barium chloride hydrate was analyzed as described in the Procedure section. Calculate (a) the mass of the hydrate, (b) the mass of water lost during heating, and (c) the percent water in the hydrate. Mass of empty test tube 18.42 g Mass of test tube and hydrate (before heating) 20.75 g Mass of test tube and anhydrous salt (after heating) 20.41 g. Mass of the Hydrate is 2.33g. Loss (H2O) is 0.34g. Percent H2O in Hydrate is equal 0.34/2.33=14.6% 3.
CHE 111 Laboratory 3 Hydrates Introduction Hydrates Water molecules combine with the molecules of certain substances, forming loose chemical combinations called hydrates. An example of a hydrate is MgSO4•7H2O. This formula means 7 water molecules are loosely attached to a magnesium sulfate molecule. Other examples of hydrates are Na2SO4•10H2O and Ba(OH)2•8H2O. When the hydrate is heated, it easily loses water molecules attached and becomes an anhydrous salt.