The Peloponnesian War erupted from 431-404 BCE between the Spartans and the empire of the Athenians. Prior to this war the two enemies were allies against the Persians, but turned on each other. Reasons for this war were, power, greed, and treason between the two armies. Both of these powers wanted to be the most powerful and this caused a conflict amongst themselves. Athenians had been in previous wars and as time progressed it was clear that Athens had to be rebuilt, as the reconstruction process proceeded the Athenian empire began to dominate their allies politically and economically.
ESSAY- Explain how the delian league transformed into the Athenian empire- Plan- intro growing Athenian power in the delian league campaigns to Persia revolts Oath of Challis- combined military and legal system building program no conclusion- Initially there was much goodwill and support towards Athens as she offered hope of liberation from Persia to the cities of Ionia and protection for the islands. However this goodwill declined. After the defeat of Persia at the battle of Eurymedon River, the fear of Persia receded. This made Athens increasingly domineering policies appear imperialistic in intent. The Athenian ownership of the Delos treasury, suppression of revolts as well as the challis decree marks the transformation of the delian league into the Athenian empire.
Explain the origins and activities of the Delian League The origins of the Delian League was to fight the Persians (offensive), to ensure that Greece was not attacked again. The League was slowly transformed into an Empire. The Delian League was established in 477BC. The aim of the League was ‘to compensate themselves for their losses by ravaging the territory of the King of Persia (Thucydides). De Ste Croix believes that the “prosklema” translated by traditional scholars such as Meiggs as simple “aims” actually had an imperialistic connotation, because prosklema was a “professional aim”.
The actions of the Hyksos forced the Egyptians to become more conscious of security, adopt military policies, and reform the Egyptian army. The impacts of the Hyksos on this era are said to have driven the Egyptians to their golden age. The Hyksos had established their rule in the North of Egypt from Avaris to Cusae, and had strong ties and contacts with Nubia (the kingdom of Kush), Syria-Palestine and Crete. It was through these alliances that the Hyksos were able to eventually surround the Theban kingdom and control the trading routes between Thebes and Nubia. Because of the oppression caused by the Hyksos, Egypt now had their first true enemy.
Although these traits are used to become a leader, the way one applies these traits can cause consequences. During the Peloponnesian War, Alcibiades was seen as a negative factor in the Athenian cause because of his pride, and overconfidence in himself. We encounter Alcibiades arrogance in Tides of War when he says “ we will take these cities as we took the islands of our empire” this shows Alcibiades over analyzing how strong
resulted in important changes to Roman political system. For instance, Rome permitted their military leaders to control and there was an expansion in the number of magistrates to accommodate the growth of the Roman territories. Hannibal, the son of Hamilcar took rule over the democratic magistrates. The Democracy was troubled and Rome's constitutional power was disturbed. This could be proved by the words, "This time the Carthaginian strategy aimed at bringing the war home to Romans and defeating them in their own backyard" (Spielvogel 123).
Tensions between the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League eventually led to the Peloponnesian war. Thucydides believed that Sparta was afraid of the growing power of Athens, which had essentially resulted in the creation of an Athenian empire. Sparta felt that Athens was meddling in their business, and Athens would not agree to avoid interference. After twenty-seven years of war, and the participation in one way or another of many of the city-states belonging to the two leagues, both Sparta and Athens were in ruins. Sparta claimed the victory, and the city-states continued their bickering and fighting.
However, these riots drastically changed the fundamental ideas and goals of the gay rights movement. When one looks closely at the Stonewall incidents as well as the history surrounding it, it is clear to see that the riots were a culmination of the events and attitudes that had manifested themselves in society prior to Stonewall. The aftermath of World War II still left a bitter
From the 1500s to the 1900s, many countries were switching to an imperialistic way of thinking and operating. The switch to imperialism was a process that took place in numerous countries for a wide variety of reasons that were all supposed to better and strengthen the country, economically, agriculturally, and militarily. While imperialism did cause much good for many countries it also was the reason for much of the problems, such as war and other forms of conflict within a single nation and between multiple nations. Imperialism is a very influential reason for much of how the world today is set up and divided among nations. What exactly is imperialism?