Invasion Of Normandy Research Paper

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On June 6, 1944 the largest amphibious assault in history took place. The morning of the Invasion of Normandy, the beaches in the area of Cotentin, France, were bombarded with over 5,000 tons of bombs, destroying anti-invasion equipment and de-mining many areas. After the bombardment over 100,000 soldiers swam ashore, and roughly 11,700 paratroopers were dropped to secure Normandy Beach. There were a lot of casualties for the invasion, 5,436 were either killed or wounded. Fifty-seven thousand prisoners were taken, and only 4,000 French and 2,700 American lives were lost. After nearly two months of battle, Allied troops moved into Normandy on August 24th, 1944. The Invasion of Normandy not only was the turning point of the World War II,…show more content…
The bombardment was to end and the invasions begin at the same time. The bombers finished on time, but the landing craft ran late, giving the Germans time to recuperate. When the British I and XXX Corps arrived on Gold, Juno, and Sword beaches at 0700, they met heavy resistance. At Gold Beach, the British 50th division also encountered heavy fire, but they made their way off the beach within a few hours. Offshore reefs caused many problems at Juno beach. These reefs were never above water, and they were covered with mines and other obstacles. The mines blew up many landing craft. As more and more tanks and vehicles landed on shore, they had to dodge numerous destroyed landing…show more content…
The bombardment was barely effective. Due to the weather, bombardiers dropped their cargo up to three miles too far inland. High seas swamped landing craft, and surviving infantry were seasick and unsteady. Over half of the amphibious tanks sank, due to heavy seas. Heavy winds and unfavorable currents blew landing craft off course, away from the protection of destroyer artillery. The beach's obstacles were not easily removed. Engineers in the 6th Engineer Brigade suffered nearly 40% casualties, the majority in the first half hour of the attack. Of 16 bulldozers brought to the beach, only one was used effectively. Of six paths that were made with the bulldozers, only one could be used. When the infantry started moving onto the beach, they were mowed by enemy fire. Allied battleships responded by firing from long range which often hit their own troops. As landing timetables fell apart, landing craft piled up on each either. Soldiers were forced to wade 50 to 100 yards to shore, most of them being shot or

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