Inuits In Nunavut

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When we hear the word “inuit” we inevitably think of people living in igloos, fishing in a hole made in the ice and wearing fur coats. Though it’s true that the Inuit have long been living such a traditional life, essentially nomadic, in strong relation to nature, the last decades provided huge changes in the way these peoples’ lives were ruled and especially through the last major change, occurred less than ten years ago, the creation of Nunavut territory. Nunavut has become the largest and newest territory of Canada when it was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999 via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act. It resulted in the first major change to Canada's map since the incorporation of the new province of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949. Nunavut means 'our land' in Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit. Its inhabitants are called Nunavummiut, but are more commonly known as Inuit. Though the birth of that official territory seems to have given the Inuit land independence, no one can ignore the topical many difficulties of that people. Everybody has heard of the extremely high unemployment and suicide rates, important alcohol and drugs consummation problems, not mentioning the broken families, poverty and conjugal violence. There are also cases of rape between children. The social problems are complex and suicide seems to represent the last expression of that distress so present in the Inuit society. So, a community who benefited of a great advance, paradoxically grapple with huge social difficulties, a kind of deep ill at ease in a society in which traditional structures have broken down. We are legitimately led to wonder why Nunavut was created. In order to change what? To improve what? It's only by finding answers to these questions that we'll be able to say if the creation of Nunavut was useful to Inuit
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