Under the medical model, these impairments or differences should be 'fixed' or changed by medical and other treatments, even when the impairment or difference does not cause pain or illness. The medical model looks at what is 'wrong' with the person, not what the person needs. It creates low expectations and leads to people losing independence, choice and control in their own lives. 1.2 Describe the social model of disability The social model of disability says that disability is caused by the way society is organised, rather than by a person’s impairment or difference. It looks at ways of removing barriers that restrict life choices for disabled people.
There would then be some kind of medical intervention such as medication, operations or counselling. The individual would then be re-examined by medical professionals. If their condition is cured, they would no longer need to use social care services and would no longer be helped. If they are not cured, the process would begin over again, using a different kind of medical intervention. However, this may lead to mistrust between medical professionals and the disabled individual, leaving the individual feeling abandoned, isolated and let down.
In essence, this model focuses more on the negative attributes of people with disabilities. For instance, it highlights that people need caring for, have trouble going out, and things which suggest their disabilities are the problems. Also, non-disabled people decided what kinds of lives people with disabilities should have in terms of, what school they should go to, where they should live, or whether or not they should be employed. As we can see, people with disabilities had little control over their lives according to the medical model approach. In the 1960s, people with disabilities were mostly shut away meaning that there was no real need to make buildings wheelchair accessible.
The BSP is somewhat different from the biomedical model which Doctors in medicine uses as this kind of treatment model focuses more on the physical process as the pathology or the origin of the disease, its biochemistry and its physiological aspects (Wampold, B. (2001). The biomedical model only explains the biological aspect without involving the psychological and social background. Psychological and social aspects are important in determining that the diseases and illness are occurring without effect on both process and outcome of the treatment. Psychological aspect of it plays an important role in determining the prognosis of an individual with disease regardless of the severity of their medical diagnosis (J. W. Drisko and M. D. Grady, 2012).
It can range from a bump to the head to a medical disease that attacks the brains ability to function correctly, such as vascular dementia that alters blood flow to the brain. 2.2: This is personal centred, focusing on the rights of the individual, in turn empowering the individual, promoting independence, giving choice and looking at what the individual is able to do. 2.3: Individuals who have dementia are not aware of requirements for living. They can forget to do the
There is the disease, which is the pathological changes that occur in one's body, and the illness which consists of the person's experience of the disease. If you only address the medical aspect of a disease and fail to consider the patient's biological/social/psychological needs, you may be overlooking factors that make the condition worse. For example, stress or depression can amplify the intensity of pain, so it is important to address the patient as a whole rather than isolate and treat the pain exclusively. From this perspective, the concept of physical pain, which is the the main source of discomfort (traditionally treated only with analgesics), has lately been approached from an enlarged perspective, a holistic one: the concept of total
There was a need to try and cure people with disabilities. This model focuses more on the negative attributes of people with disabilities, it highlights that there is a need for care, that people struggle to go out and other things which suggest that disabilities are problems. People with disabilities are left with very little control over their lives according to this approach. All decisions about education, housing and employment etc… were taken out of their hands and decisions were made for them. This invariably meant that people with disabilities were mainly shut away in institutions with no real need for society to change at all.
The medical model of dementia can create dependency, restricts choice, disempower, devaluates, reinforces stereo types and can be thought of as oppressive. This is because the medical model only focuses on the impairment that has to be cured. 2. The social model of dementia is person centred care. It focuses on the rights of the individual, and in turn empowering the individual by promoting independence and giving choice by understanding what that particular individual can achieve
Memory loss about recent events may obscure the presence of intact long-term memory, personality and values that can inform decision making. Health care professionals need to be mindful of their legal, moral and ethical responsibilities towards the person with dementia, and To work collaboratively towards maintaining dignity and quality of life through effective clinical decision making. Negative Positioning … Similar to malignant social psychology (Kitwood 1998; Kitwood & Bredin 1992). Actions such as depersonalising, ignoring, treating them as infants and labelling are examples of malignant social psychology. Such positions result in the person with dementia having a reduced sense of personal worth and can compound his or her feelings of loss, cause embarrassment and humiliation.
I realized how effective group therapy can be for individuals especially those that are dealing with issues that are largely stigmatized. Even if a therapist has an addiction we are not to let a client know, which is a different experience for that individual. Therapists can give expertise thought and discussion but they cannot give the individual the same acceptance that one could get from a group meeting. I think it is important to know our limitations with our work and know when to incorporate other resources. In reference to the disease model, it separates the person and the disease, that they are two different entities.