Introduction to Psychology

422 Words2 Pages
Introduction to Psychology Jake has become very anxious ever since he started taking harder classes in his major. The university's counselor diagnosed him with an anxiety disorder. Compare and contrast how the behavioral, humanistic, and cognitive approaches would view the origins and treatment of Jake's anxiety. Then, describe how psychologists view each of the three approaches today. The cognitive aspect would stress on how Jake could react and process his triggers. They would explain his behavior, how he behaved and reacted to situations that triggered his anxieties. How does he problem solve, reason, etc. His anxiety was being caused by his thoughts, his fear of failure. It would stress that he needed to examine what he is feeling and how to use those feelings in a positive way. Psychologists view this type of therapy combined with behavioral therapy as beneficial as you can isolate what is causing the anxiety by examining patient's cognitions and providing ways to alter that behavior into a positive one. The behavioral approach would focus on how negative thoughts were contributing to Jake's anxiety. The behavioral perspective contends that our thoughts affect the way we feel, that our thoughts could more or less contribute to the anxiety such as Jake is feeling. It would examine what would be the best way to modify his behavior. How would Jake benefit from positive reinforcement. The behavior leading up to the anxiety would be looked at and a way to change that beahvior into a positive behavior would be encouraged. This, with cognitive behavior, is effective today in treating anxiety disorders. The Humanistic Theory would focus on self-actualization, the perfect Jake. The ideal Jake. He would be encouraged to look for his ideal self and not his perceived self. The anxiety is coming from the need to do well in college and graduate. The anxiety lies with the now
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