Behavioral Approach: Is somewhat of a visual way of measuring ones inner thoughts, by the emotions on their face, the actions they do. For instance if Jake had come in with a looking worried, accompanied with a rocking motion to self soothe himself, it wouldn't take long for a psychologist to visually observe his upset behavior may be linked to anxiety Therapy: The Behavior therapy might Include thinking of what exactly induces the anxiety and the nervous behavior and then challenging it. Behavior doesn't seem to really touch the mind, so treating anxiety (Anxiety being more of a state of mind, with added on behaviors) with only a behavioral approach would not be the best solution. Unless paired with a cognitive approach. (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy would be when thinking of negative thoughts (the behavior) counter it by thinking in a more realistic and helpful manner.
It assumes that human problems come from operating on faulty, irrational beliefs. Some of these beliefs are conscious but many are not. Behavior Theory suggests that human actions are the results of what we have learned or been conditioned to do and that when these actions are reinforced consistently, by either reward or punishment, they become the basis of functioning in our lives. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy recognizes that thoughts and behaviors are connected and addresses both in its model. CBT is a problem-solving/task-centered approach which recognizes and challenges illogical and faulty beliefs in an effort to change negative or destructive behavior.
Meichenbaum’s (1977) had state within the learning theory outline clients cognition are clear and understandable behaviors that can be modified in their own rights. Albert Ellis’s (REBT) is that people contribute to their own psychological therapy by the way of understanding the event. REBT therapy is use with the intention of cognitive, emotions, and behaviors, which it give-and-take relationship Ellis also encourage the clients to do the thing that they are afraid of. Such as claiming a mountain is you are afraid of heights, or getting involve with people if the individual is fearful of getting involve. This is the contradicting of Jung.
In other words, behaviors are controlled by whatever follows the behavior. In relation to psychopathology, it is our operant behaviors that effect who we are and our environment around us. These are considered our consequences, which then react again back unto us as a result of our behaviors. The overall goal is to help the client make the necessary changes in their behavior which can then provide better meaning and coping skills for the future. As the clinician, you will assess the behavior of the client and then define the problem behaviorally.
He said we all need conditional positive regard from our parents, and if we did not receive this is can lead to psychological problems in our future. Humanistic psychologists try to understand behaviour from the actor themselves rather than relying on observations. Behaviourists take the phenomenological perspective, this means that they take an objective unbiased view about something, and they go about studies scientifically. The humanistic approach looks at subjective experiences people have and analyse them from their point of view. All humanistic studies are conducted unscientifically.
There are two key terms that help us to understand behaviour which are thinking patterns and perception. The cognitive model believes that abnormal behaviour is the result of irrational, maladaptive and disordered thought processes and perceptions of self. A man called Ellis implied that there were two routes of thinking, which are adaptive and maladaptive. By saying this he also suggested that everyone is capable of taking either of these two routes. He also suggested that if people think rationally then they will behave rationally and therefore as a consequence they will be happy and competent.
Contrast Sigmund Freud’s view of human nature with the view of Abraham Maslow. With which, if either, view do you agree? 4. Altruism refers to behavior that helps others but does not appear to help the person performing the behavior. Describe an example of altruistic behavior, and state how a psychodynamic psychologist might explain the behavior.
Working thesis: I believe that using technology would make us a better person and we can live a better life. 3. Angle: I would stand up and talk about the positive and negative about technology and whether we as youngster fall into social isolation. The adult only think of the negative they think that technology makes them social isolation. But the youngster, only think about the positives.
They must then enable how they will enact these behaviours in their mind and believe that they have a similar ability to the model to be able to have the same effect as the model. Behavior is more likely to be reinforced if the model has resulted in rewards and steers clear of punishments, and the model has a desirable power. The model tends to be similar to the observer, to increase the self efficacy and the behavior that would be imitated wouldn’t be too hard to the individual to imitate due to this similarity. There are two different types if reinforcement that would encourage the individual to imitate the action, direct and indirect. Direct reinforcement is if the individual directly receives the rewards and indirectly is if the individual observes someone else receiving reward.
To which the id demands pleasure and satisfaction, the ego deals with the demands from the id and superego, and the superego is the ethical element which is the conscience and may produce feelings of guilt. The Behaviorism perspective is where any physical action is a behavior which everything that is living does such as acting, thinking, and feeling. Arthur W. Staats’ merges psychological concepts like personality within a behavioral model like Basic Behavioral Repertoires. Humanistic Perspective is the positive image of what it means to be a human being. The ones who theorize the humanistic perspective focus mostly on methods that allow fulfillment of potential.