Sarah Boillin CRJS101 -1303A-10 Foundations of Criminal Justice Unit 1 Individual Project Due Date: 7/28/2013 In the criminal justice system there are a number of roles that are assigned to people who play a part in the investigative and prosecutorial process. Those roles include, a police officer or federal agent, the district attorney’s office or United Stated Attorney’s Office, the defense counsel, and federal, state, and local judges. They each play a part in interacting with a criminal defendant. A police officer takes part in the investigative role, which lies between the defendant being arrested and being proven guilty or innocent of the crime accused of the defendant committing. The duty of a police officer is to enforce the law, investigate the crime that has been committed, apprehend the offender, reduce and prevent crime from occurring, maintain public order, ensure community safety, provide emergency and related community services and protect fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals.” (Schmalleger, F., 2012, chapter 1 page 10).
Contrast the functionalist and conflict theories of crime. The functionalist would argue that those who transgress are usually dealt with by the law and that order is restored. The conflict theorist would argue that the law enforcement system perpetuates the inequalities and would give the example of how many white-collar crimes go unpunished. Read more: http://www.ehow.com/how_8586125_compare-contrast-functionalist-conflict-theories.html#ixzz2iJlpn5zx Contrast the functionalist and conflict theories of crime. The functionalist would argue that those who transgress are usually dealt with by the law and that order is restored.
Public policing also involves the response to emergency calls through the call system and at times, they must be present in court as the result of citations given for violating a specified law by citizens. If an arrest results, the officer is then required to transport a suspect to a facility where a booking process takes and the officer relinquishes the suspect to the facility’s workers. There can be at times, a great deal of paperwork involved within the roles of public policing because the officer must give an account of the incident. Public policing can be performed on foot, within a patrol car, motorcycle, or even as a mounted police. There are also various
March 18, 2013 CJA-364 Criminal Procedure Policy In the criminal justice system, there are laws and certain guidelines that must be to follow, because the United States Constitution has requirements that rule. Due process and crime control models have been put into place in order help shape how the criminal justice system deals with criminals when they are caught doing criminal acts. They are the building blocks and help shape the criminal procedure policy, and have allowed the system for some fair trials or to some not so fair depending on the model being used. The United States Constitution has help shape these models because of the rules put into place by the fourth, fifth, sixth and the fourteenth amendments. Each of the selected
Criminal Justice System Paper The criminal justice system contains three components to criminal justice structure (Schmalleger, 2011, pg 17). The components are; The Police, Courts, and Correctional Agencies. The police implement the law to apprehend offenders to maintain public order and safety for everybody. Law enforcement are responsible for finding, capturing individuals who break the law set forth by the state, local, federal law to bring charges against the perpetrator and ensuring the cases are strong enough to make to the courts (cliffsnote). Once the criminal gets arrested, the individual get book which he or she will be taking a picture and finger print to keep on file and will have the information of the individual that has been charge.
These places include water bodies, wood areas and even plain grass fields. However the United States constitution protects cartilage. Existing circumstances that requires the police argent search to eliminate danger proceeds without following the due process. Motor vehicles are not residence personal effects. If an individual might to hurt the police officers or destroy evidence, then an arrest follows.
An arrest is called a custodial arrest and defined as an officer taking into custody a person pending criminal charges, and the individual’s right of locomotion is restricted. An arrest is a vital tool for police officers to use to catch the guilty and free the innocent, but must meet the requirements of the United States Constitution. The duration of an arrest is longer than that of a stop, and can last hours even days. The location of an arrest is usually the isolated and intimidating surroundings of a local police department and jail. An arrest also included written documents that become a part of a person’s record or more popularly known as a rap sheet.
10. The felony-murder rule apples to the following felonies: battery, arson, rape, robbery, and kidnapping. 11. Limitations to the felony-murder rule are the following: (1) the involved felony must be an inherently dangerous felony; (2) The committed felony must be independent of the killing and not be an integral part of the killing. If the felony is a step in the process of committing murder, it merges with the homicide; (3) The homicide must occur during the commission of and in furtherance of the felony.
Deviance is the recognized violation of cultural norms. Crime is a type of deviance. Crime is the violation of a society’s formally enacted criminal law. Criminal deviance spans from minor traffic violations to sexual assault to murder. In the case of serious deviance, action may be brought by the criminal justice system – “a formal response by police, courts, and prison officials to alleged violations of the law.” The key elements of the U.S. criminal justice system include police, courts, and the punishment of convicted offenders.
The Criminal Justice System and Crime Garth Greg Spence CJA/204 October 3, 2012 Kathryn Hamel The Criminal Justice System and Crime Crime is defined as “conduct in violation of the criminal laws of the state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse.” Which means “crime” depends on where you are. The same behavior may or may not be a crime depending on the status of the person committing the act, the time of day, the location, or the reasons behind the behavior. There are four views of crime in relationship to the law: Legalistic, Political, Sociological and Psychological. Legalistic is existing laws against a given behavior. Political is powerful groups who