Interpreting Hofstede Model and Globe Model

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www.ccsenet.org/ijbm International Journal of Business and Management Vol. 6, No. 5; May 2011 Interpreting Hofstede Model and GLOBE Model: Which Way to Go for Cross-Cultural Research? Xiumei Shi Business School, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China The Henry Samulei School of Engineering, University of California Irvine, CA 92617, USA Tel: 1-949-419-7282 E-mail: xiumeis@uci.edu Jinying Wang Business School, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China E-mail: jywang@cufe.edu.cn Received: December 3, 2010 Accepted: December 27, 2010 doi:10.5539/ijbm.v6n5p93 Abstract This study focuses on the comparison between the cultural dimensions of Hofstede Model and GLOBE (the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) Model in data collection and countries (and regions) participating in both Models, different dimensions and methodology and analysis conclusion. The two models have similarities but still differ a lot. These differences in research design can cause different results when the two dimensional models applied to different research fields. The authors choose to compare the two cultural Models since both of them choose to measure cultural dimensions with scores. Finally a way forward in the future research is suggested, and some issues for further research into this fundamental area of international business are canvassed. Keywords: Comparison, Hofstede Model, Globe, Countries (and regions), Dimensions 1. Introduction Research into the international business (IB) has become a dynamic study area over the past four decades and is likely to become even more so as the process of economic globalization continues into the future (Brewer & Venaik, 2010). Culture-focused research is becoming more widespread now and understanding culture will be viewed as

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