International Relations Essay

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What Influences Led to Change Within the World System of States in the Period 1815-1914? Could the Resulting Changes Have Been Sustained? How and to What Consequence? The years following the end of the Napoleonic Wars until the beginning of the First World War (1815-1914) brought dramatic changes to the world system. Some of these changes were enduring but they all left consequences. These changes affected multiple facets of this governing framework ranging from diplomacy to economics to nationalism. Diplomatic cooperation among the Great Powers could have created lasting improvements but by the beginning of the twentieth century, those prospects for positive transformation would be in tatters. The changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution and rising nationalist movements would prove enduring but would have both positive and negative effects. These changes would affect populations in different ways by shifting from rural to urban settings and awakening feelings of nationalism. Some of these changes would prove enduring and have a positive impact while others added to the eventual discord and conflict that ended the long period of peace in August 1914. The wars against revolutionary France and later the Napoleon Empire stretched over decades and caused significant disruption not only in Europe but also globally. These wars were fought from the Iberian Peninsula to the snows of the Russian steppe. The war caused upheaval not only in Europe but led to revolution throughout the Western Hemisphere and weakened the colonial empires of Spain and Portugal. There was even renewed conflict between the United States and Great Britain in the War of 1812 that was brought about by the stresses of the war in Europe. While the Treaty of Paris officially ended the war, it did not address all the lingering issues this conflict created. (Cronin) The boundaries

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