International Organizations Essay

388 WordsAug 12, 20122 Pages
In my opinion, the best way to approach the study of international organizations should be broken into a few different categories – first, international governmental organizations (IGOs) vs. non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and second global vs. regional organizations. The roles and functions of IGOs and NGOs vary greatly in most cases while the scope of focus between regional and global groups is quite different as well. By approaching the study in this manner, we can more easily see how each organization fits into the international arena. It will also make it easier to examine the factors that may help or hinder the effectiveness of each group, whether that be problems of state sovereignty or common adversaries or goals. Bennett highlights some of the difficulties in inspecting different organizations, noting that some groups are highly organized, while others have trouble staying above water. Some are made up mainly of state groups while others are either just non-state actors or a mixture of both state and non-state entities (Bennett and Oliver 2002, 24). These similarities and differences are what will make this study challenging. Some possible questions to ask when looking at each organization are: what are the primary reasons for this group’s existence – why was it formed? Who makes up its membership – nation-states or non-state actors? Is the group a treaty making organization or is its output something different, like humanitarian aid? What are the major hindrances to the group’s ability to meet its goals – lack of cooperation among members, lack of funds, etc.? Again, categorizing international organizations into the groups I’ve already laid out will aid in answering some of these questions as well as in coming up with others to ask. Once the main categories have been set and each of the different groups have been initially classified, it

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