International Law Instruments Essay

7377 WordsJul 24, 201230 Pages
International law is simply the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and nations[1]. It serves as the key framework for the practice of established and organized international relations[2]. International law is a consent-based governance thus meaning that a state member of the international community is not obliged to abide by international law unless it has expressly consented to a particular course of conduct and in that case rising the issue of state sovereignty2. Public international law which is a discipline of International law, governs the relationship between provinces and international entities. Under this discipline includes legal fields of treaty law, law of sea, international criminal law, international humanitarian law, international human rights law and the international environmental law. International human rights law refers to the body of international law designed to promote and protect human rights at the international, regional and domestic levels. As a form of international law, international human rights law is primarily made up of treaties, agreements between states intended to have binding legal effect between the parties that have agreed to them4. International human rights law lays down obligations which States are bound to respect[3]. By becoming parties to international treaties, States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. Obligations developed to be exercised include; • The obligation to respect which means that States must refrain from interfering with the enjoyment of human rights[4]. • The obligation to protect which requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses4. • The obligation to fulfil which means that States must take positive action to

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