International Law Essay

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Introduction : A subject of the law is an entity capable of possessing international rights and duties and having the capacity to maintain its rights by bring international claims. This definition, though conventional, is unfortunately circular since the indicia referred to depend on the existence of a legal person. It is necessary for legal persons to be able to enforce legal rights and for them to be subject to legal obligations. Main answer: National legal systems typically recognise the legal personally of individuals, both nature and artificial persons . States are the principle legal persons within the international legal system. In Reparations case, ‘ A subject of the law is an entity capable od possessing international rights and duties and having the capacity to maintain its rights by bringing international claims.’The international legal personality may entitle a subject of international law to bring legal claims to enforce he international legal rights , and also have the power to make international agreements; the international law could enjoy various immunities and privileges as well, and under certain international legal obligations. The reason why the United Nations Organization is important when talking of International Legal Personality is because of the period following the Second World War, during which states received a characteristic of a non-human entity regarded by law to have the status of personhood.This legal personality attributed to states implied that they have a legal name, rights, protections,privileges, responsibilities and liabilities under law just as any person does. All states possess the international legal personality as a result of principle of sovereign equality . It is often said that they possess original personality. States were considered to be the only subjects of the international law during nineteenth century.

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