Charles Lawrence uses the case, Brown v. the Board of Education, as an example. Although he argues similar to Brown’s case, the prejudice and racial ways in many schools caused unfair conditions to the victim’s of racial comments. He also argues that racist speech can hinder many people so much that it can make them very uncomfortable in their educational environment. Lawrence goes on to talk about racist speech in the form of face-to-face insults which falls right under fighting words, excepted by the First Amendment Protection. He explains that whenever someone decides that racial comments has to be accepted, we are asking people to accept the hurt of racial comments for everyone else.
Many sociologists have linked labelling in school, especially by teachers, with the difference in achievements in terms of ethnicity. Negative stereotypes and labels may cause teacher to treat students from an ethnic minority differently, which could in turn, disadvantage them and ultimately, result in them underachieving. Studies from different sociologists back up and support this. Gillborn and Youdell (2000) found in their studies that teachers were more likely to discipline black students quicker than they would with their white counterparts, due to the fact that teachers held “racialised expectations”. They argued that they stereotyped and expected black students to present behaviour such as threatening and challenging authority, which leaves the student feeling underestimated and picked on.
Payne stated that students should learn the “hidden rules” of the middle class from their educators so that they have another set of rules to use if they choose to do so. Impoverished students, compared to students of middle or upper class, often have a lack of proper funding, thus, a lack of appropriate resources to use in their education. Due to this, they are often unprepared for school, not having the money to purchase books and other educational tools. Both authors realize this, but argue that the responsibility lies on different shoulders. Payne states that impoverished students face inequality at school, insinuating that the school should be responsible for helping to provide for these students so that they can have a better education.
So with that being said, many students could feel uncomfortable hearing it at school. Also, if the class isn’t really a diverse classroom, that could make it even harder. Students won’t feel that it’s appropriate to speak up about being uncomfortable with the language or word choice, especially when the other students don’t seem to mind. The last thing a student wants is to be the odd guy out. The word is blatantly attached to racism, and that makes it a hard case to argue.
They stress day and night over these overrated tests, like previously stated channeling out the imagination, curiosity and good will. Besides being an imprecise measure for students, they use them to judge a teacher’s performance as well, essentially used to either reward or punish them. Standardized test are not helping us very much right now. In conclusion, the usage of standardized tests should be discontinued or by the very least lessened. These tests are not helping people, it’s initially having a negative effect on students and teachers.
This type of stereotype is similar to that of the “dumb jock”, and like the students in the experiment college athletes are often portrayed as inferior academically (Lubus, 2011). These stereotypes cause the students to feel inferior because of the self-fulfilling prophecy, and the students adopt these attributes and behaviors because that is how their environment makes them feel. This study shows how our society can easily use stereotypes and prejudice to create an environment where they become the reality. The self-fulfilling prophecy uses the expectations of these stereotypes to create that environment, and this will affect a person’s own behaviors and self-impressions. I believe this creates a false sense of the stereotypes playing true, and that in actuality the people classified in the stereotype may be nothing like
As educators, we are influential in the development and outcome , of bringing each individuals unique talents and knowledge forth, without bias. One of the most detrimental effects on education was segregation, and discrimination of innocent youth. As with people with disabilities, “colored” or blacks were looked down upon. As Sumner asserted ,”that segregation gave all blacks a “peculiar brand”, a clear and lasting “stigma” that deprives them of these helpful animating influences.... It widens their separation from the rest of the community and postpones the great day of reconciliation which is sure to come!” (pg 166).
Racism is linked to the educational achievement of minority ethnic groups, however the connections are complex. Gilborn and Mirza conclude that ‘social class and gender differences are also associated with differences in attainment but neither can account for persistent underlying ethnic inequalities: comparing like with like, African Caribbean, Pakistani and Bangladeshi pupils do not enjoy equal opportunities.’ They also argue that in promoting educational inclusion as a means of raising standards, there is a need ‘for clarity and guidance in translating the commitment to equality and inclusion into policy proposals and practice at the local and school level. A recent research report found that: • Children whose first language is other than English do not perform as well as other children across the Foundation Stage scales • Pupils for whom English was an additional language have lower attainment than pupils whose first language is English. The difference between the two groups is
A school that requires its attendants to pass a test is charged with discrimination when it does not meet the quota for its admittance. The answer to this problem, from a supporter of affirmative action, is the inflation of the minorities’ grades on these tests. Institutions are then forced to keep a certain balance in the diversity of their student body, which can lead to the inflation of the minorities’ grades on all subjects. This grade inflation would then lead to a poorer education and the reality of a failing education system. This same kind of comparison is evident in the work force.
One of the arguments of co-education is the idea that it provides too many distractions for students. Several scholars have argued that these distractions have led to less attention on school work and class participation, due to girls and boys trying to impress each other. Furthermore, it has also been argued that students who are intimidated by the opposite sex may also be affected by low performance and low grades. Many educators believe that single-sex education does not enforce any type of gender-based stereotypes or adolescent subculture. Due to this, single-sex schools have been established to combat these issues.