The primary motivation for European invasion was economic. The Europeans were seeking to create a profitable trading environment and make money. They were also looking to further industrialize their country. This desire for industrialization, which included the need for raw materials, markets, and convenient trading outlets, was a driving force in the imperialistic conquest and colonization of Africa. Africa contained a great number of natural rescources valuable to Europe such as: cotton, palm oil, rubber, ivory, gum, peanuts, bananas, coffee, cocoa, zinc, lead, coal, and copper.
Between 1750 and 1850 the most important colonial possession in Asia was British India. Differing from the changes that British India brought to North America, the changes that the British made in Asia did not bring political independence. The East India Company was chartered in 1600 by the crown and was quickly made into a large powerful authority. The East India Company quickly took over India’s imports and exports in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries along with controlling the Chinese economy greatly with the power of opium imports. Britain operated on claims that their system was based on free trade but the practices that they followed showed anything but that.
Unit 1- Age Of Imperialism Summary: In the late 1800s, European nations became involved in a new kind of empire building, imperialism, which arose from the need for self-sufficiency, new markets, and places in which an ever-growing population could settle. European nations divided up almost all of Africa in the late 1800s. Communication and transportation improved, and the slave trade was abolished. For the most part, Africa and Africans were exploited, and tensions developed that would lead to further struggles later in the 1900s. In India the British government assumed direct control.
While the English colonies were growing rapidly along the Atlantic seaboard, French fur traders and explorers were venturing deep into the heart of North America. It could be only a matter of time before the rivalries between France and England elsewhere in the world would be sharply reflected in a final struggle for the ownership of the North American continent. the primary differences between the French and English Colonization policies are the following: the French colonies treated the natives with great diplomacy, whereas the British colonies treated the natives as savages and lesser creatures. The French approach to colonization was based on integrating its colonial people into a “Greater France" through cultural assimilation and administrative centralization. on the other hand, British Indirect rule was a system where external military and tax control was operated by the British, while almost every other aspect of life was left to local pre-colonial aristocracies who had sided with the British during the conquest.
SPANISH VS. BRITISH COLONIZATION Dymond Nobles HIST 1301 July 22, 2015 Exploration of the New World was the product of European empires expanding in an attempt to secure new trade routes, to find new sources of goods, and to spread the dominant religions of the respective empires. The major difference between the British and Spanish enterprises is how they were organized. Spanish exploration of the New World was led by Christopher Columbus and Juan Ponce de Leon. The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Christian faith through indigenous conversions. Under the exploration of Christopher Columbus, the Spanish Empire explored great parts of what would become South, Central, and North America while the French and British Empires focused predominantly on North America.
Which nation was the focus of John Hay's "Open Door notes"? China 11. Big Stick Diplomacy, Dollar Diplomacy, and Moral Diplomacy were all intended to protect U.S. business interests in Latin America. 12. In the late 1800s, many Americans thought building a canal across Central America would help the United States to improve America's worldwide trade and military abilities.
In addition to the social and political indoctrination and the world wide breakthrough of industrialization during this time, British colonization in India clearly defines the nature which colonial powers can perpetuate their status in a global market by taking advantage of indigenous people for socio-economic prosperity. It is these direct and indirect practices that would prove to be a staple of British imperialism throughout their reign of superiority leading into span of over two centuries. Britain’s 200-year run ruling India began in the mid-17th century when the British East India Company set up trading posts in Bombay, Madras and Calcutta. In 1757, Robert Clive led Company-financed troops – led by British officers and staffed by native soldiers known as sepoys, in a victory over French-backed Indian forces. The victory at the Battle of Plassey made the East India Company the leading power in the country.
“The role of individuals was the most important factor in the expansion and dismantlement of the British Empire in Africa 1870-1980” There are many different factors that caused the expansion and dismantlement of the British Empire in Africa during 1870-1980. As a result of British New Imperialism and the creation of Germany in 1871, Africa became a hotly contested area for expansion for European states. Although the role of individuals were vital in securing a governing body in many African countries - such as Nigeria - it was the economic prosperity that opened an opportunity for expansion, coupled with the strategic factors that became increasingly important. The dismantlement of the empire in Africa was mainly due to World War II. The subsequent economic crisis and changing attitudes in colonial countries were the two main issues that caused decolonisation.
Europeans conquered America and then brought slaves from Africa and made their own benefits. They started a new political system named democracy, which is a good name to cover Plutocracy and deceiving common people by the word freedom, to reinforce their social power and positions. As this democracy, which was made by the elites, went on, the elites have conquered other parts of the world through war which seemed legitimate by democracy. Moreover, they have continued slavery that changed into the form of labor. American history has been continued by contradictions which are mixed by slavery, conquest, democracy, and freedom.
For example, altogether, they execute a large group of people such as the Natives in Cuba, Dominica, and Mexico, and those who weren’t in the massacre was turned into slaves; and those whoever refused to convert to Christianity. Spain’s motivations for colonial expansion were trade and spread Christianity and explored East Africa; Later, when they discovered rich trading regions in Indonesia. That alternative route was different from the theoretical eastward route, which lead them to the British Empire and they offered to support. England colonized in the Americas began in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia and reached its peak when colonies had been established throughout the Americas and they have settled in Antarctica