These nursing practices must base on nursing theories we are using in the clinical setting of practice. The core concept of theories help us to understand the things surround us and provide a guide in nursing practice. According to George, “Concepts are the elements used to generate theories” ((2011). Additional, theories are composed of concepts and provides the foundation, knowledge and guide us in our nursing
nRunning head: NURSING THEORY 1 Nursing Theory Akwasi Agyemang Chamberlain College of Nursing NR501: Theoretical Basis For Advanced Nursing Practice May 2015 NURSING THEORY Nurses can use nursing theory as tool to help guide their practice. I personally define nursing theory as the mechanism that guide nurses and provide explanation to nursing interventions. It is defined by Croyle (2012) as an organized and systematic articulation of a set of statements related to questions in the discipline of nursing. The theories guide nursing practice and provide a foundation for clinical decision making. In the past, nurses were seen as assistive personnels and were often described as handmaiden to physician (Croyle, 2012).
If a theory is proven, it can help to develop nursing science and be used in nursing practice to accomplish numerous results such as identifying standards of care to direct, evaluate, and predict patient care/outcomes, for example (Cherry & Jacob, 2011). Development of a sound theory commands the presence of not only key concepts, but also great insight toward the particular subject matter; it’s definitions, and the assumptions surrounding it. This is critical to ensure a well-educated appraisal and study follows. (Alligood & Tomey, 2010). Relatively speaking, applying the concepts of stress in relation to adaptation of a particular health circumstance, for instance, may provide a speculative overview that will yield a methodical interpretation of how these two incidents are entwined with one another (Cherry & Jacob, 2011).
This assignment is going to discuss the importance of needs assessment in nursing practice. Firstly it is will define the nursing process, its phases and how it can be applied when delivering patient centred care. It will then give a brief synopsis of the case scenario, identifying the patients’ needs that require assessment using the Roper Logan-Tierney model. Tools used for assessment will be given and a rational for the required assessment using relevant literature. Furthermore, one priority tool will be selected and then applied to the case scenario outlining the nursing interventions required.
2005; Spouse: 2001). Several teaching methods are part of the nursing curriculum and two pedagogical models, behaviorism and constructivis, are included; Handwreker suggests a greater emphases on clinical training to bridge the aforementioned gap. Behaviorism involves the belief that human behavior can be modified based on stimulus and response. In the learning process reinforcement for desired behavior and accomplishment is presented in different methods like high test score, performing a specific skill, or a passing grade for the assignment. Accredited organizations for schools of nursing including Board of Nursing and entities such as the National League for Nurses Accrediting Commission help to maintain the behaviorist approach by setting standards for nursing programs.
Importance of Theory in the Nursing Profession The importance of nursing theory to nursing as a profession is of immeasurable magnitude. McCurry, Revell, & Roy (2010) clearly note that the nursing profession has an obligation to contribute to the well being of society by utilizing evidence-based practice. They continue to note that nursing knowledge is built on theories that answer the problem questions of science. Once a theory is validated by research it is articulated into nursing practice. These actions; theory, research, and evidence-based care will shape nursing’s values and goals to improve the quality of care and health of individuals, families, and society.
Because the values and responsibilities of nurses is shaped by history the report was based on this idea, and was developed as a historical evidence grounded modern data. History shows evidence of what nurses can achieve, like how nurses were the founders of community health practices. History also helps in arguing about major policy issues. For example if nurses are allowed to participate as leaders and valued clinicians only will better, quality and easy health access can be achieved. Nursing historians are important to give advice on policy matters, so that all the interested parties can achieve the same goal and better patient care.
It also contributes to patient care by classifying nursing phenomena and standardizing language among nurses. Nursing diagnoses are scientific interpretations of data that appeared and that are used to guide planning, implementation, and evaluation of nursing practice. The use of nursing diagnoses gives more visibility to nurses, whose caregiving has previously been invisible or unrecognized(20). Defining characteristics and factors are related to nursing diagnoses. Those characteristics are passible clues of observations and checks.
Effective communication is an important skill in nursing practice as it is a tool to uncover service users’ needs and facilitate care. Verbal, written communications, as well as body language, are all vital implementations for successful treatment. A therapeutic milieu is a scientific structuring of the environment in order to effect behavioural changes and to improve the psychological health and functioning of the individual (Skinner, 1979).This essay would also show how a therapeutic milieu was established and maintained.
Examine the research base for one aspect of nursing care and compare and contrast the recommendations found with the practice observed during your clinical placement. The overall aim of this essay is to explore an aspect of evidence based or best practice and compare the findings witnessed in a nursing environment. Conclusions will then be drawn from this process and recommendations made for proposed changes to practice where necessary. The Nursing and Midwifery Council state in The Code (NMC 2008a) that care must be delivered on the best available evidence or best practice. Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions (Oxford Dictionary 2011).