Institutional Aggression: The Importation And The Deprivation Model

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“Institutional aggression” is a term which refers to the aggressive behaviour portrayed by groups sharing a common identity and aims, as a ploy to achieve personal or collective goals. This can range from physical abuse to acts designed to destroy national, racial or religious groups. Two explanations of this type of aggression are shown via The Importation and the Deprivation Models. The Importation Model was derived by Irwin and Cressey in 1962. It states that inmates, who enter prison with certain characteristics such as abnormal values, bad attitudes and a violent/aggressive personality, are more like to contribute in interpersonal violence than other inmates. According to this theory, the brutality portrayed in prisons is not due to the prison itself, but stems from the attributes of those who enter such institutions. A lot of the behaviour…show more content…
The findings cannot be generalised globally to other cultures and races as the study only involved American, black and white inmates. Harer and Steffenmeier’s study also used secondary data which poses no ethical issues but may be unreliable and outdated. Further limitations of this model were put forward by McCorkle et al who claim that The Importation Model fails to highlight suggestions on how to control violent offenders, or how to reduce prison cruelty. Moreover, this model predicts that previous gang members also increase levels of institutional violence. However, DeLisi et al studied over 800 male inmates and found no correlation between gang membership and institutional violence. Nevertheless, this study lacks population validity as it cannot be generalised to other people due to only involving male inmates. There are also no ethical issues involved but it could possibly have an element of researcher bias in terms of interpreting the results in a way to correspond to the
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