Insomnia/Panic Attacks Case Scenario

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1.0 SUMMARY People all over the world suffer from mental health problems. It is estimated that a quarter of the population suffer from some form of mental disorder. The 2 main types of mental disorders which will be discussed in this essay are insomnia and panic attacks. A panic attack is defined as a sharp sensation of increasing anxiety and intense fear that a disaster is going to happen. Most panic attacks last 10 to 20 minutes. Common symptoms include, heart palpitations, trembling or shaking and breathing difficulties, which can lead to hyperventilation. Recurrent panic attacks can cause an individual to stress a lot over experiencing another attack in the future which may cause the individual to suffer from sleeping problems. Panic attacks can be prevented by various psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioural therapy. Insomnia is a sleeping disorder in which the sufferer has insufficient sleep and is left to feel fatigued during the day. Common symptoms include experiencing very poor quality sleep and finding it difficult to sleep or stay asleep. Insomnia can be caused due to various reasons such as stressful events or the loss of a loved one. Insomnia can affect someone in many aspects: causing lack of concentration throughout the day or can lead to more serious conditions such as depression. Insomnia can be prevented by sticking to sleep routine and avoiding naps throughout the day. In more severe cases medication may be prescribed by the GP. When a patient is diagnosed with a mental health disorder by their GP, the pharmacist plays a crucial role in the healthcare team by sharing their thoughts as to what type of service the patient should receive. Pharmacists will always recommend non-pharmacological treatments as their first step, 2.0 THE NATURE OF THE CONDITION Mental health is

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