Initial Problems of Pakistan Essay

4319 WordsJun 25, 201518 Pages
INITIAL PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN BACK GROUND: Under the third June plan (1947) provincial assemblies were given an option to join either of the two states (Pakistan or India). Overwhelming majority of the members in the Punjab and Bengal assemblies decided to join Pakistan. Since members of the non-Muslim majority districts in these provinces voted for partition of their respective provinces separate commissions were set for the demarcation of boundaries in the two provinces with Cyril Radcliffe a British lawyer as the joint chairman of the both commissions. Partition was conducted in a way which manifested naked bias and injustice towards the Muslims. The Quaid-e-Azam had proposed that the task of demarcation should by entrusted either to an impartial commition appointed by the united nations or to the members of the British “privy council” (the highest British court.) the proposal was turned down by the British government Viceroy lord Mountbatten had very close friendly relations with congress leadership and was a great sympathizer of the congress point of the conditions prevailing in the sub-continent he had never set foot on the Indian sol before this time. Mountbatten had done this intentionally in Cyril Radcliffe he found the most suitable person he could easily influence. The Muslim league did not favor the partition of the provinces, if it was inevitable it would have been carried out in the light of the principles stipulated by Mountbatten himself at the time he had announced the third June plan, he had said that Gurdaspur, and Ferozpur and Tehsils of Zira and Fazilka will form part of Pakistan. * CONGRESS REACTION ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PAKISTAN: The Hindus and British had not surrender before the exemplary struggle of the Muslims of the sub-continent. Congress and Hindus of India did not accept the partition and emergence of Pakistan

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