Henri Oung Date due: April 28th, 2009 Knowledge and Conspiracy Theories Date submitted: April 28th, 2009 Term paper: Moon-landing Word count: 1110 We always strive to achieve something. That achievement might be a dream or something even bigger. One of the dreams that Americans have is to actually get off the planet earth and see the outer universe. But one of the first things they wanted to accomplish is to actually land on the moon. It was first succeeded by the soviets in 1966, but the Americans did try to land a few years before that, but failed.
While it is true that Earth has benefitted from past space exploration, it remains very important for the leaders of America to weigh the pros and cons of further exploration. They must take into consideration today’s economy and the fact that many people are much more concerned about their jobs here on Earth, rather than worrying about exploring other planets. American exploration of Mars began in the late 1990s, and since that time, the United States has sent eight different vehicles to the Red Planet (Kluger 24). All of this exploration has been very expensive for the American taxpayers. Recently, the idea of privatizing the business of sending cargo and astronauts into low-earth orbit has become a reality.
<br> The costs of SDI are so huge, any where from $100 to $200 billion, that a new, less expensive <br>scheme was proposed in 1988. This new scheme was called "Brilliant Pebbles," it would consist of several <br>thousand space based "interceptors," each independently guided by a powerful built-in computer and an <br>electronic eye. The interceptor would track the heat plume of the just-fired missile and steer a collision <br>course. However, new, "fast-burn" missiles could outwit the interceptors and possible out run them. <br>Because of reduced tensions with the Soviets and lower defense budgets, the Clinton administration has cut <br>back on funding for SDI, although tests of component systems continue and plans for some form of <br>deployment remain in place.
The purpose of the first text, Man Takes First Steps on the Moon, is to inform the audience about the importance of Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landing on the moon and discovering greater things than what you can ind on earth. The interaction among the speaker and the audience affects the text because it is told from the point of view from someone who
Kelly Roberts Dr. Jodie Nicotra ENGL 505 Essay #2 September 19, 2011 Reagan’s Challenger Disaster Speech Appealed to American Values The Cold War between the United States and Russia lasted for nearly 50 years. Throughout the war, the United States worked to maintain an international profile of superiority and power. No image demonstrated this more than that of rockets launching into space. The space race between the United States and Russia was more than just a show of strength, it served as a way for each country to show the other how quickly their technology was progressing. This may not seem important now, but at the time both countries were conducting top-secret nuclear research and while they did not want to publicly reveal their progress, they did want to project the message to the world that—whatever progress they had made—it was better and farther along than the progress of their enemies.
They claim since that the photos and videos of the Apollo voyage are only available through NASA, there is no other independent verification, thus the moon landings were a hoax. The competition for superior technology was fierce and theorists claim that it would have been cheaper to fake the moon landings, and prove to Russia that the U.S. had greater technology. The evidence provided by these theorists include many anomalies such as: 1. the waving flag theory. Conspiracy theorists point out that when the landing was televised viewers could see the American flag fluttering as Armstrong and Aldrin planted it on the moon. Being that they were in space there is no air in the moon’s atmosphere thus a flag waving is impossible.
When we landed on the moon it created a rehabilitated sense of patriotism in Americans, and that is what Krauthammer is striving for. That feeling of “wonder” and “glory” that we Americans have left behind in the last few decades. He is pushing us to realize we should not be content with mediocrity and we should strive as a country to learn everything we can about any subject possible, and open grand new possibilities for ourselves. Some of these possibilities may be a space station on the moon. It may be impractical , but most everyone loves seeing new exotic views, and nothing can be more bizarre than taking an outside look at your home planet.
Both briefly touched on the discovery and then focused on more on the American astrologists that confirmed the findings and found some planets of their own. These articles mostly started my look into the subject and will give some brief information, but I also find others that dive more into the topic. By using articles by Walker, Burrows, and Lunine, I will examine the initial reaction of the scientific community in 1995 to this discovery and discuss some of the more technical aspects of 51 Pegasi B. I find it quite interesting how a planet can still exist so close to a sun and with surface temperatures exceeding 1,000 degrees Kelvin. This extreme survivability of 51 Pegasi B was thought to not be possible until its discovery, and now has astronomers rethinking the bases of their planetary understanding. The origin of 51 Pegasi B is also an extremely interesting story, as it is hard to believe that a planet could form so close to a star.
Future space efforts may be handicapped by this still-widespread view, typified by the recent statement of French space minister Claude Allegre, criticizing the International Space Station, that he was unaware of any important scientific discovery made by an astronaut (Space News, 22-28 June 1998). The case for Apollo as a key element in Landsat begins with the statement by the late W. T. Pecora (1969), that Landsat's precursor concept, the Earth Resources Observation Satellite (EROS) program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), was "conceived in 1966 largely as a direct result of the demonstrated utility of Mercury and Gemini orbital photography to Earth resource studies." A contemporary review of satellite imagery in this journal (Merifield et al., 1969) devoted its first six pages to the "superb" Gemini and Apollo 70-mm geologist (Fary, photographs. A similar paper, by a U ~ G S 1967) argued for EROS, illustrating its value with several ''magnificent" Gemini photographs. However, the link between EROS and Apollo is a complex one, needing further discussion.
Do we spend too much money for this research To understand life on Earth we must first understand the space. Space research is needed to learn about life on Earth. Space research has helped us to realize why there are seasons, why there is day and night, and many other things in the past, how planets form, what are the stars and many other things that represent the universe. Science has come a long way, and mankind will make sure more important discoveries. The space research helps us learn more about a subject that we do not know much now: time.