This affected me during the bleep test because vasodilation allows more oxygenated blood to travel to the actively respiring muscle tissues. Other acute responses which occur to the musculoskeletal system during exercise include an increase in muscle pliability. If your muscles get warmer because of the contraction temperature is going to rise this makes them more pliable and reduces the risk of injury. Pliability is the stretchiness of the muscles. There is also an increase in the synovial fluid at the joint.
2) Insomnia. 3) Headaches and many more. These happen because your body is always working harder. This also increases your blood pressure rising, meaning the blood vessels are under pressure. If a blood vessels bursts this is called a stroke.
Adrenaline would also explain why the boys felt sick and sweaty because it has the same affect in a threatening situation as the sympathetic nervous system. After the ride ben feels tired and thirsty. This is partly due to some of the adrenaline still in the blood stream because they take longer to disappear. Ben feels tired because his brain and vital organs have been in a state of high alert. This uses lots of energy and resources which is why he would have felt so tired.
Stress also increases the heart rate and can lead to the increase of blood pressure, thus Hypertension and can lead to Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Although this disease can be caused by the indirect effects. Indirect effects of stress are associated with the bad habits that stress causes us to take part in, these included smoking, poor diet and alcohol abuse. These poor habits can thus lead to ill-effects on one’s health. These issues are more related to chronic stress rather than acute stress and it occurs for a long period, thus affecting health for a longer period.
This is why people become addicted. They enjoy the feeling the dopamine brings to them and once it is over they crave more. Some short term effects of taking Meth include a decrease in fatigue and an increase in attention, activity, and respiration. It also can cause hyperthermia and euphoria.
Cortisol is sometimes referred to as a ‘stress hormone’ because it is produced in times of stress. The high levels of cortisol are not surprising as many depressive episodes are preceded by stressful events. Given this, the high levels of cortisol may be a result rather than a cause of depression – they may be produced as a response to stress rather than a cause of the disorder. The Biological Model states that psychological disorders are caused, at least in part, by biological factors. This suggests that treatment should
Heroin produces a downer effect that rapidly induces a state of relaxation and extreme pleasure. Heroin tolerance develops very quickly, and increased doses are needed in order to achieve the initial effects. Because of this tolerance overdosing on heroin and other opium derived drugs is extremely common.
In this particular case, Wally’s work began as a print ad receiving much attention it then became an animated commercial. Both the print ad as well as the commercial provide and identify a common element, stomach ache, continuing on to the solution by offering their product, Alka-Seltzer. Offering you to consider being in such a state of discomfort by making comments such as “ ...its hard to fall asleep” and “If your stomach doesn't get a good nights sleep, neither will you.” Each of these statements urge us to consider being in that state.
These effects are not only mental but physical. It starts by releasing large amounts of dopamine into the section of the brain that controls the feeling of pleasure. Methamphetamine “produces the equivalent of 600 times the normal amount of dopamine normally released by the brain during pleasurable events.” (Kelley, 2005, Methamphetamine Abuse.) The effects of meth can last up to 12 hours and the addiction starts and continues because of this high and charged feeling users receive from Meth. Short-term effects can lead to dehydration, irritability, confusion, nervousness, nonstop talking, tremors, convulsions, anxiety, paranoia, and aggressiveness.
It is important that people can recognize the signs and symptoms. One of the most common symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder is increased arousal. This symptom is typically constant, whereas other symptoms are triggered by a reminder of the event. “The symptom can show itself in difficulty sleeping, irritability or angry outbursts, difficulty concentrating and usually startled reactions in certain situations.” (Nordenberg, 2000, p.2) For example, a soldier just coming back from war or combat or someone that witnessed a shooting or themselves was shot could be easily startled by something as innocent as a balloon popping. Another symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder is re-experiencing.