Peaking in January and February, Respiratory syncytial virus is the virus causing most common colds, when it is limited to the upper respiratory tract. Unfortunately when the virus aggravates the lower respiratory tract, complications occur, including respiratory distress, pneumonia, bronchiolitis and possibility the development of asthma. Pruitt also states that each year 125,000 children (mostly under 6 months of age) require hospitalization, and of these, about 2,500 die (Pruitt 63). Beyond this age, by about two years old, children have been exposed to RSV and have developed and immunity. If diagnosis of this infection is made through cultures of respiratory secretions, treatment begins immediately.
Just two months after the first detections the swine flu it was now classified as a pandemic. Even though the WHO (World Health Organization) did not classify it as severe, it would later be classified as “moderate” and many countries would have to strengthen quarantine procedures and pre-existing screening for travelers. Infection control measures to prevent transmission of H1N1 influenza in healthcare facilities. The H1N1 pandemic, as necessary as new information becomes available throughout the course of this influenza season. It provides general guidance for all healthcare facilities.
Some people actually confuse their mild outbreaks with other skin conditions such as “eczema”. Early after infection, some people experience prodrome, a tingling, itching feeling that occurs in an area where blisters will shortly develop. Contrary to popular belief, both types can cause genital herpes (Osondu). Transmission is made during contact with a sore or fluid from an infected person, including fetal infection during birth when sores are present on the mother. The reservoirs of the virus are typically ocular, oral, or genital epithelial cells (Hodge).
Traditionally, the geriatric population has existing aliments therefore, if they were to contact the flu it could exacerbate their existing health conditions. According to The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts at the World Health Organization (WHO) (2013), a particular health condition that the flu could easily exacerbate in someone who is 65 yrs or older and increase their vulnerability to pneumonia. This patient population is labeled as especially high risk, based on burden of disease. The flu vaccine provides the best protection from the flu and its complications. The flu vaccine also assists in preventing the spreading of the flu from person to
Both disease's have flu-like symptoms such as fever, headaches, weakness, chills, and sore throat. In addition, Ebola and Black Plague, specifically Pneumonic Plague, can be contacted by human to human contact specifically through blood or bodily fluids seeping into broken skin. Once the Ebola virus transmits to humans, it takes two to twenty one days to show the flu-like symptoms. For the Black Plague, specifically the Bubonic and Septicemic plague, it takes about three to seven days to show flu like symptoms. For the Pneumonic plague, symptoms will automatically develop within one to three days after exposure to bacteria.
• The varicella virus has an incubation period of between 10 and 21 days. This means the rash will appear from 10 to 21 days after the virus has infected the patient. • A person infected with the virus is contagious about two days before the rash appears and will continue being so for another four to five days. Children or adults with weakened immune systems can be contagious for longer. • When the blisters have crusted over, they can no longer pass it onto others.
The vaccine is the first of its kind to build immunity against two strains of HPV, which lead to 70% of cervical cancer cases in the United States. Merck was on a roll until parents, who were being threatened with state mandates forcing their little girls to get three doses started. Gardasil vaccine is perhaps one of the most controversial vaccines to date. (Lopes) Let’s not forget that Merck is the same company that brought us Vioxx, and knew or should
Likewise, during the 20th century, when health officials have found victims of typhoid, they offered them related treatments and instead of isolating from the community, they respected their freedom and suggest them to avoid contact with others so they can stop transmitting typhoid to others. ---------In the event of an infectious emergency, most of the time the public health system is successful in controlling the situation, but in some cases they do fail as well. In 1947, a free mass vaccination effort was authorized by the New York City Health Department, which resulted in a lower mortality rate in New York City. In “‘BE SAFE.BE SURE.’: New York City’s Experience with Epidemic Smallpox”, Judith Walzer Leavitt explains, “ the Board of Health had learned to value citizen cooperation and to seek it in broadly acceptable ways, largely through publicity and convincing arguments” (415). The public health officials had spread the awareness about smallpox vaccination in New
(3) Etiology: Pneumonia develops when the immune system cannot combat the virulence of the invading organisms. Organisms from the environment, invasive devices, equipment and supplies, staff, or other people can invade the body. Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa. Noninfectious causes of pneumonia include inhalation of toxic gases, chemical fumes, and smoke and aspiration of water, food, fluid, and vomitus. (4) Signs & Symptoms: Pneumonia may present with a 1-2 day history of cough, fever, dyspnea, fatigue, rigors and pleuritic pain.
He took in about 12,000 mg daily of it to ward of disease, and when he was sick or began to feel as though he may soon become sick, then he would increase his daily dose to about 40,000 mg instead. Pauling claimed that because he did this, he was able to delay his prostate cancer by roughly twenty years. Vitamin C is essential to the health of humans for it is “required for the proper development and function of many parts of the body[ webmd.com]”. Vitamin C is most commonly used for treating the common cold, age-related macular degeneration , ulcers in the stomach caused by a specific bacterium, slowing the worsening of osteoarthritis and lowering high blood pressure. It can even be used to prevent atherosclerosis, specific kidney problems, lung infections caused by heavy exercise, sunburn and risk of certain cancers.