Prior to the Industrial Revolution, most of the people migrated from farms to cities, also known as urbanization. As majority of the people originated from farms, they were not experienced to the technological machinery used in the new industrial city, imposing a harsh new way of life on workers. As the result, workers suffered accidents from machines with no safety devices, resulting in severed body parts or even death, with the exception of the dangerous working conditions and environments with the exception of the Luddites . Women and children were employed or hired due to stereotypical reasons, however every worker was affected from the conditions and situations as rapid urbanization caused decreased wages and a increased spread of diseases. If a worker was or found to be ill or injured, they will lose their job.
In the time period of 1865-1915 was a rough time for everyone around the world exceptionally the United States. The working condition for Americans was trouble after the Civil War. I say this for several reasons. Before the Civil War most of the factories was small. Who ever was in charge of the company knew all of his or her workers.
The end of the Civil War found workers flocking to the cities for factory jobs. They were filled with hope for a better life. Their optimism soon faded. Immigrants would generally arrive in the cities and take up factory work there to make a living. Working-class and immigrant families often needed to have many family members, including women and children, work in factories to survive.
Also a large majority (over 80%) of minimum wage workers are either working in the service industry and receive tips, or work minimum wage in a part-time job—working more than one job or attending school at the same time (www.bls.gov). Obviously, minimum wage workers do not necessarily correspond with the lower class. This discrepancy shows that just a simple hike in the minimum wage is an inefficient means of helping the poor. There are other reasons that this policy is not effective. When lawmakers pass ordinances increasing the minimum wage, they do
Industrialisation had lead to many families moving from agriculture into the big cities, this meant that more jobs were available, many of these being non-heavy manual labour jobs, many of the jobs in the agricultural sector were hard manual labour, and in this society were often seen as too strenuous for women, but after the industrial revolution a wider variety and larger quantity of jobs were now available. These involved many jobs in the Tertiary sector, jobs that could be performed just as easily by men as women. More jobs were also available for women in factories as well. So women went to work and families had more disposable income, which lead to increased spending on consumer goods. In the early years of the Post War Golden age “86 percent of households were wired for electricity” (Sandbrook, 2005, p.104).
However during industrialization it brought about a lot of change. The workforce changed resulting in family farming becoming factory working. Moreover, during industrialization machinery took over farming resulting in the farmers no longer needing extra help. This resulted in towns and cities expanding to hold the capacity and many people moving into the cities and towns for factory work. Parsons argues that industrialization led to the nuclear family being very isolated, as the family lost some functions, such as the relationship now between the extended family was down to choice and not duty.
The less fortunate people or the poor people lived in back alleys and courtyards of the city unbelievable amount of hours just to support their families. Not everyone had to work like this, only the unfortunate people who were not born into his or her richness. These living and working conditions really divided the rich and the poor which started political parties to form.
The use of steam-powered machines, led to a massive increase in the number of factories. As the number of factories grew people from the countryside began to move into the towns looking for better paid work. They moved into the towns because farm workers wages were very low. Also there were less jobs working on farms because of the invention and use of new machines. (www.nettlesworth.durham) Thousands of new workers were needed to work machines in mills and the factory owners built houses for them.
The issue of the case: The issues of this case has to deal with the company not being able to employ many people. The near 150 employees are mostly neighbors and almost all from the same community. The company is suffering from issues that have to do with hard-working employees nearing retirement. Now, they have to deal with replacing all the employees. The other issue that is happening is the market share.
Because of the recession many Americans are forced to leave their houses and move in with family. The rising cost of utilities, food, and housing is making it hard for them to make ends meet. Some reporters have done stories of multiple families living in one house because of losing jobs and other things. They spend their days in the unemployment lines and walking the towns to